NEW YORK (REUTERS) - Tennessee emerged alongside California on Wednesday (Dec 23) as an epicentre of the latest Covid-19 surge even while more than 1 million Americans have been vaccinated as US political leaders sought to guard against a highly contagious coronavirus variant sweeping across Britain.
Tennessee averaged nearly 128 new infections per 100,000 people over the last seven days, the highest state rate in the country, according to US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data. It was followed by California at 111 new cases per 100,000 residents.
"Our state is ground zero for a surge in Covid-19 and we need Tennesseans to (do) their part," Tennessee Governor Bill Lee said on Twitter with a graphic stating: "Tennessee cannot sustain another holiday surge."
Public health officials believe that Americans travelling and gathering for the Thanksgiving holiday contributed to the latest explosion in cases.
All told 31 US states have reported a grim record in new Covid-19 infections for December as hospitalisations and deaths also spiral. More than 194,600 new cases were confirmed on Tuesday alone.
The CDC said that as of Wednesday morning more than 1 million people nationwide had been given the first of the two doses required for the two coronavirus vaccines that have been approved.
But most Americans have been told that it could be six months or more before they are eligible for the shots as priority is given to healthcare workers, nursing home residents and in some cases top government officials.
Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar and Dr Anthony Fauci, the top US infectious disease official, received the Moderna vaccine on live television on Tuesday.
President-elect Joe Biden was inoculated with the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine in front of cameras on Monday.
US Representative Ilhan Omar, a Democrat from Minnesota, earlier this week criticised political leaders for putting themselves at the front of the line for the shot.
"We are not more important then frontline workers, teachers etc who are making sacrifices everyday. Which is why I won't take it," Mr Omar said on Twitter.
The Trump administration said on Wednesday it had reached a US$2 billion deal with Pfizer distribute 100 million additional doses of its drug by July.
But Americans who saw a ray of hope in the release of two vaccines in December learned of an even more transmissible coronavirus variant spreading in the United Kingdom.
Drug makers Pfizer and Moderna were testing their vaccines against the variant, but believed the drugs would be effective against the mutant virus.
The United States, unlike many nations worldwide, has not banned travellers from Britain.
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said that international travellers would be required to quarantine for 14 days and to provide contact information. Sheriff's deputies will make visits to enforce the order on those arriving from Britain.
Travellers found to violate those orders face fines of US$1,000 (S$1,331) per day, Mr de Blasio said.
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has asked airlines to screen British travellers for Covid-19. The state was an early epicentre of the virus and has recorded more Covid-19 deaths than any other state.
Washington Governor Jay Inslee this week ordered a 14-day quarantine for travellers arriving from the UK, South Africa or other countries where the new variant had been detected.
In New York City, vaccination programmes expanded to the Fire Department, where roughly 6,000 personnel have contracted the virus, Fire Commissioner Dan Nigro told reporters.
Some 400 FDNY paramedics lined up to receive their first doses of the Moderna vaccine on Wednesday, including Ms Verena Kansog, advanced life support coordinator for Manhattan, who got her shot at a training centre on Randalls Island.
"I feel relieved," Ms Kansog, who worried about bringing the disease home to her elderly mother, told Reuters in a phone interview. "I was not one single bit nervous."