CHICAGO/NEW YORK (REUTERS) - Bone-chilling cold that paralysed a chunk of the United States this week and killed at least 18 people eased on Friday (Feb 1) as an errant Arctic air mass retreated ahead of a warmer-than-normal weekend in areas of the Midwest and Northeast.
In Chicago, where the mercury dipped as low as minus 30 deg C this week, temperatures of minus 5.5 deg C by Friday afternoon felt balmy for some in the nation's third-largest city.
"It's got to be an almost 50 degree difference, it feels like spring," said one commuter heading home from Chicago's downtown financial district, wearing only a sweatshirt.
Cable worker Brian Stachovic said he was up an electrical pole for only five minutes on Thursday (Jan 31) before his fingers and toes went numb, and he had to go inside to avoid frostbite.
"Today, working outside it was like normal," said Mr Stachovic, 40, wearing brown overalls and insulated gloves, as he worked in Chicago's downtown.
Temperatures from southern New England to the upper Midwest should reach the mid-40s to low 50s Fahrenheit (around minus 40 deg C to 10 deg C) through the weekend and Monday (Feb 4), forecasters said, after a record-breaking cold snap that stopped mail deliveries in some parts of the Midwest and shuttered schools and businesses.
"The bitter cold air is going to be pushed up into Canada,"said Mr Bob Smerbeck, senior meteorologist for Accuweather.
The Midwest's worst cold snap in two decades was created by the polar vortex, a reservoir of icy air that usually swirls over the North Pole. Shifting air currents caused it to slip down through Canada and into the US Midwest this week.
Temperatures on Friday afternoon ranged from the tens to the twenties (around minus 12 deg C to minus 7 deg C), after cities like Chicago experienced sub-zero temperatures in Fahrenheit for two days and opened additional warming centres for the homeless.
DEATH TOLL MAY RISE
At least 18 deaths have been linked to the deep freeze since last Saturday (Jan 26), and the number was expected to climb as the authorities identified more victims.
On Friday, police in East Moline, Illinois, about 260km west of Chicago, said the weather may have contributed to the death of a FedEx freight driver whose body was found between two trucks on Thursday outside a company distribution hub.
A representative for FedEx did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The Cook County's medical examiner's office said there were four confirmed cold-related deaths this week in the Chicago area.
More than 40 cold-temperature records were broken on Thursday, the coldest morning since the polar vortex moved in late on Tuesday (Jan 29), clinging to a swath of the United States from Iowa and the Dakotas across the Great Lakes region and into Maine.
Amtrak restored rail service to and from Chicago on Friday, and the US Postal Services resumed mail delivery in six Midwest states.
But while the US Midwest and East Coast thawed out, a fierce winter storm headed towards California, carrying heavy rains and high winds that could touch off city flooding and mudslides.