MIAMI (AFP) - Hurricane Arthur made landfall on the North Carolina shore late Thursday, as millions of Americans braced for its impact along the East Coast on the eve of the Independence Day holiday.
The National Hurricane Center said Arthur made landfall around 11:15 pm (0315 GMT Friday) over the Shackleford Banks between Cape Lookout and Beaufort.
Just before it made landfall, Hurricane Arthur strengthened into a potentially destructive category-two storm.
The first storm of the Atlantic hurricane season was packing maximum winds of 100 miles (160 kilometres) per hour, forecasters said, warning North Carolina - home to many popular holiday destinations - would bear the brunt of Arthur's fury.
North Carolina state Governor Pat McCrory said emergency preparation efforts had been made more complicated by the arrival of thousands of tourists, who have flocked to beaches for the annual July 4 holiday pilgrimage.
Heavy rain and strong winds lashed the North Carolina coast.
The storms is expected to churn up the coast and threaten areas as far north as Nova Scotia in Canada.
After ratcheting the hurricane up a grade, the National Hurricane Center predicted there would be "little change in strength," and that the storm would fizzle out to a post-tropical cyclone on Saturday.
But in the meantime thousands of people were already without power in North Carolina, news reports said, and there was localized flooding in areas including the coastal city of Wilmington.
"Our main issue is the health and safety of our citizens and those people who are visiting North Carolina," McCrory said.
Emergency declarations were issued by several counties in the southern state, which opened emergency shelters and ordered evacuations in low-lying areas.
"As the hurricane moves north, more counties are likely to declare a state of emergency," McCrory added.
National Hurricane Center forecasters warned of "large and damaging waves" and cautioned: "Preparations to protect life and property should have already been completed."
McCrory urged residents and tourists to use common sense, to stay out of the water and out of harm's way, with storm surges of up to five feet (1.5 metres) predicted.
Up to eight inches (20 centimetres) of rain were expected in coastal areas.
"Don't put your 'stupid hat' on," McCrory said.
"Let's hope for the best, pray for the best, that Arthur clears out quickly so we can all get back to celebrating our country's independence, with our families and friends on North Carolina's beautiful beaches."
As many as half a million visitors had been expected in the coastal Carolinas for the national holiday, the region's biggest tourist weekend.
Authorities issued a mandatory evacuation order for Hatteras Island and a voluntary evacuation order for Ocracoke Island, both in North Carolina's Outer Banks, CNN reported.
But it was not just North Carolina - where tornado warnings were activated in some areas - that was bracing for Arthur's impact.
The storm, which strengthened into a hurricane earlier Thursday, threatened to scuttle traditional Independence Day weekend picnics, parades and fireworks displays for millions of Americans along the East Coast, as far north as New England.
Dangerous storm swells were expected as far south as central Florida, weather officials said.
The Atlantic hurricane season began June 1 and runs through November 30.