Biden proposes summit with Putin after Russia calls US 'adversary' over Ukraine

Biden (left) voiced concern to Putin (right) over Russia's military buildup on Ukraine's border.
Biden (left) voiced concern to Putin (right) over Russia's military buildup on Ukraine's border.PHOTOS: AFP, EPA-EFE

WASHINGTON/MOSCOW (REUTERS) - US President Joe Biden called on Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday (April 13) to reduce tensions stirred by a Russian military build-up on Ukraine's border and proposed a summit of the estranged leaders to tackle a raft of disputes.

The White House and the Kremlin reported only the second conversation between the two since Biden took office in January, after Western officials urged Moscow to end the build-up and Russia, in words recalling the Cold War, said its "adversary" should keep US warships well away from the Crimea region.

Russia seized Crimea from Ukraine in 2014 and fighting has increased in recent weeks in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled Russian-backed separatists in a seven-year conflict that Kyiv says has killed 14,000 people.

In a sign of concern about tensions spinning out of control in the Ukraine crisis, Biden phoned Putin to propose they meet in a third country while underlining US commitment to Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

"President Biden also made clear that the United States will act firmly in defense of its national interests in response to Russia's actions, such as cyber intrusions and election interference," the White House said in a statement.

"The president voiced our concerns over the sudden Russian military build-up in occupied Crimea and on Ukraine's borders, and called on Russia to de-escalate tensions," it said.

Biden also reaffirmed a goal to build "a stable and predictable relationship" with Russia and said a meeting in the coming months could address "the full range of issues" facing the two world powers, the statement said.

The Kremlin said in its account of the call that Biden told Putin he wanted to normalise relations and to cooperate on arms control, Iran's nuclear programme, Afghanistan and climate change. It confirmed Biden had proposed a high level meeting but did not indicate how the Russian leader responded.

Earlier on Tuesday, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, in Brussels for talks with Nato leaders and Ukraine's foreign minister, echoed Biden, saying Washington stood firmly behind Ukraine.

Blinken also said he would discuss Kyiv's ambitions to one day join Nato - although France and Germany have long worried that bringing the former Soviet republic into the Western alliance would antagonise Russia.

"The United States is our adversary and does everything it can to undermine Russia's position on the world stage," Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov was quoted as saying by Russian news agencies on Tuesday.

His remarks suggest that the diplomatic niceties which the old Cold War enemies have generally sought to observe in recent decades is fraying, and that Russia would robustly push back against what it regards as unacceptable US interference in its geographical sphere of influence.

US warships

Two US warships are due to arrive in the Black Sea this week in response to what US and Nato officials say is the largest massing of Russian forces - with thousands of combat-ready troops - since Moscow seized Crimea from Ukraine.

"We warn the United States that it will be better for them to stay far away from Crimea and our Black Sea coast," Ryabkov said. "It will be for their own good."

He called the US deployment a provocation designed to test Russian nerves.

Blinken met Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba in Brussels after Group of Seven foreign ministers condemned what they said was the unexplained rise in Russian troop numbers.

Echoing Nato Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, who met Kuleba earlier, Blinken said Moscow's military actions on Ukraine's doorstep were "very provocative".

"Russia must end this military build-up in and around Ukraine, stop its provocations and de-escalate immediately," Stoltenberg said at a news conference with Kuleba.

Russia has said it moves its forces around as it sees fit, including for defensive purposes. It has regularly accused Nato of destabilising Europe with its troop reinforcements in the Baltics and Poland since the annexation of Crimea.

Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said on Tuesday Russia had moved two armies and three paratrooper units to near its western borders in the last three weeks, responding to what it called threatening military action by Nato.

Shoigu, speaking on state television, said Nato was deploying 40,000 troops near Russia's borders, mainly in the Black Sea and the Baltic regions.

"In total, 40,000 troops and 15,000 weapons and pieces of military equipment are concentrated near our territory, including strategic aircraft," Shoigu said.

The Western alliance denies any such plans.

Kyiv has welcomed the show of Western support, but it falls short of Ukraine's desire for full membership of Nato.

Kuleba said Kyiv wanted a diplomatic solution.

Kyiv and Moscow have traded blame over the worsening situation in the eastern Donbass region. Kuleba appealed for further economic sanctions against Moscow and more military help to Kyiv. This could be direct support aimed at strengthening Ukraine's defence capabilities.

Separately, two diplomats said Stoltenberg would chair a video conference with allied defence and foreign ministers on Wednesday. Blinken and US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin were to be present at Nato headquarters to brief the other 29 allies on Ukraine, as well as on Afghanistan, the diplomats said.