MINNEAPOLIS (REUTERS) - Prominent civil rights activist the Reverand Al Sharpton told mourners on Thursday (June 4) Mr George Floyd’s fatal encounter with police and the nationwide protests his death ignited marked a reckoning for America over race and justice, demanding, "Get your knee off our necks."
Memorial tributes to Mr Floyd in Minneapolis, where he was killed on May 25, and in New York City’s borough of Brooklyn, a major flashpoint for demonstrations stirred by his death, came as protesters returned to the streets of several US cities for a 10th straight day, including Atlanta, Washington D.C., Denver, Detroit and Los Angeles.
The gatherings, while boisterous at times, were for the most part orderly, in contrast to several previous nights punctuated by sporadic arson, looting and clashes between protesters and police.
The change in mood reflected a determination voiced by many protesters and organizers in recent days to transform outrage over Mr Floyd’s death into a renewed civil rights movement, seeking reforms to America’s criminal justice system.
"This is a very seismic moment, and someday I’m going to have a kid, and he or she or they are going to ask me what I did during the uprising of 2020, during the American spring," said Ms Nana Mensah, a writer in her 30s from Brooklyn.
She held a sign that read: "You’re lucky we just want equality and not revenge."
In the nation’s capital on Thursday, hundreds if not thousands assembled for a rally at the Lincoln Memorial, many sitting on the ground listening to speakers and chanting, "Say his name – George Floyd," before an evening thunderstorm dispersed the crowd.
A separate group of protesters congregated near the White House, where construction workers were seen erecting new concrete barriers and fences around the presidential residence.
Delivering the eulogy at a memorial service inside a university chapel in Minneapolis, Rev Sharpton said Mr Floyd’s fate - dying at the hands of police, pinned to the ground under the knee of a white officer – symbolised a universal experience of police brutality for African Americans.
"George Floyd should not be among the deceased. He did not die of common health conditions. He died of a common American criminal justice malfunction," Rev Sharpton said. "It’s time for us to stand up in George’s name and say, 'Get your knee off our necks.'"
Rev Sharpton led mourners in eight minutes and 46 seconds of silence, the amount of time Mr Floyd lay on a Minneapolis street with a knee pressed into his neck.
In addition to hundreds who gathered inside the North Central University chapel, a crowd of hundreds more clustered outside under trees and in window sills, listening to the service broadcast over loudspeakers.
One was Ms Zsa-Vona Williams, 36, who knew Mr Floyd from his days working at the homeless shelter where she once lived, recalling him as a caring, friendly soul.
"He gave to and fed a lot of people. He was a gentle, peaceful person," Ms Williams said, adding that in death, "He has changed the world."
The prayer service, which drew comic actors Kevin Hart and Tiffany Haddish as well as US Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota, coincided with a separate outdoor memorial tribute to Mr Floyd in Brooklyn.
The day of remembrance capped more than a week of largely peaceful but raucous protests, accompanied by civil unrest that prompted dozens of cities to impose overnight curfews and the mobilisation of the National Guard in several states.
The size and scope of disturbances seemed to ebb after prosecutors in Minneapolis on Wednesday elevated murder charges against one police officer jailed last week in Mr Floyd’s May 25 death and arrested three others accused of aiding and abetting the first.
EX-COPS IN COURT
On Thursday, the three newly arrested officers made their first appearance in court and were ordered to remain held on US$750,000 (S$1.04 million) bond each.
Their principal co-defendant, Derek Chauvin, 44, is slated to appear for his bond hearing on Monday. Chauvin is the officer seen in video footage kneeling on Mr Floyd’s neck as Mr Floyd gasped for air and repeatedly groaned, "I can’t breathe," before passing out.
The four former officers, all dismissed from the Minneapolis police department the day after Mr Floyd died, each faces a maximum sentence of 40 years in prison if convicted of the most serious charges against them.
Mr Floyd, a Houston native who had worked security for various nightclubs, was unarmed when taken into custody outside a corner market where an employee had reported to police that a man matching his description tried to pay for cigarettes with a counterfeit bill.
His brother, Mr Terrence Floyd, joined an outdoor memorial on Thursday in a Brooklyn park where many in the crowd knelt in the grass in the afternoon sunshine in a symbol of protest and chanted, "No justice, no peace."
He urged the crowd to continue to seek justice but to avoid violence, saying, "My brother wasn’t about that."
New York Mayor Bill de Blasio took the stage to pledge that Mr Floyd’s death would lead to substantive changes in police practices in the nation’s largest city, and called for greater interracial empathy.
"All of us who know white privilege, we need to do more, because we don’t even fully recognize the daily pain that the racism in this society causes," he said.
Mr De Blasio, who drew scorn for suggesting protesters were to blame after a police cruiser drove into a group of demonstrators last week, was booed and heckled by many in Thursday’s crowd
His wife, Chirlane McCray, who is black and is the mother of their two children, said Mr Floyd’s killing was a reminder of the fear that black families in the country endure on a daily basis.
"We fear for their lives, and we also fear for their ability to live with dignity," she said.
A string of memorial services for Mr Floyd were expected to stretch across six days and three states, including memorials in North Carolina and Houston. A funeral was planned for Tuesday.