Tribes launch bid to protect Amazon forest at global conservation forum

The Amazon plays a vital role in regulating the earth's climate by absorbing and storing planet-heating carbon dioxide. PHOTO: REUTERS

BOGOTA (THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION) - Tribes from the Amazon have called for urgent action to protect the world's largest rainforest in a formal motion to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), to be considered at its global congress in France next month.

The Coordinating Body for Indigenous Organisations of the Amazon Basin (COICA), an IUCN member, wants the forum to vote in favour of protecting 80 per cent of the Amazon by 2025 to stem rising deforestation and help keep their lands and communities safe.

COICA general coordinator Jose Gregorio Diaz Mirabal, who submitted the emergency motion to the IUCN on Friday (Aug 27), said the ability to participate "represents an important space for us".

"We need to be at the place where supposed solutions are being discussed to the planetary crisis," said Mr Diaz, who will attend the Sept 3-11 congress in Marseille.

Ms Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, a former United Nations special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, urged IUCN members to pass COICA's motion "because of the grave environmental crisis the planet is in" and to discuss concrete plans to implement its recommendations.

The IUCN congress, to be held in person and virtually, is billed as the world's largest conservation event held every four years, bringing together about 10,000 participants, including indigenous peoples, government officials and business leaders.

At the gathering, more than 1,300 IUCN member groups from governments, civil society and indigenous peoples will vote on a range of issues, including how to tackle climate change, boost nature protection and promote a green Covid-19 recovery.

The aim is to inform policymakers and negotiators ahead of November's UN COP26 climate summit in Scotland.

With low political and economic clout, indigenous peoples from the Amazon Basin's nine countries often struggle to be heard on the global stage where decisions are taken that affect their lands and get little international funding, said Mr Diaz.

"The call we will make is that finance should go to the indigenous people who conserve and protect the territory," he said.

Indigenous leaders have requested meetings with French President Emmanuel Macron during the IUCN summit, as well as with United States and European Union climate officials.

The Amazon plays a vital role in regulating the earth's climate by absorbing and storing planet-heating carbon dioxide.

Deforestation there is largely fuelled by illegal logging and gold mining, as well as soya and beef farming in Brazil, and forest clearance to plant coca crops in Colombia and Peru.

COICA's motion also calls on Amazon-nation governments to ban industrial activities - such as mining and oil extraction - in primary forests until conservation initiatives and new agreements are put in place with indigenous peoples.

"There is still time to change the model of development and consumption that's destroying the Amazon. It's time to start the transition," Mr Diaz said.

Join ST's Telegram channel and get the latest breaking news delivered to you.