NEW YORK • Nearly 50 million children worldwide have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced by conflicts, the United Nations said in a report meant to emphasise the trauma children face from war, climate change and poverty.
Distributed by Unicef, the UN children's agency, the report said more than half of these children, roughly 28 million, have fled violence and insecurity.
Children also represent a disproportionate and growing segment of those who have sought refuge outside their country of birth, said the report on Tuesday.
While children make up about a third of the global population, they account for about half of all refugees.
An executive summary of the report, titled Uprooted, described it as the first comprehensive presentation of global data about the affected children - where they are born, where they move and some of the dangers they face along the way.
The report said that last year, two countries - Syria and Afghanistan - accounted for nearly half of all child refugees as classified by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. It also showed that the number of child refugees has more than doubled in the past 10 years.
Turkey is host to the largest total number of recent refugees, with more than three million people fleeing the civil war in Syria. It quite likely has the largest number of child refugees too, the report said.
But Lebanon, relative to its population, is host to more refugees than any other country: Roughly one in five people in Lebanon is a refugee.
NEW YORK TIMES