ISIS exit delayed after rebel leader killed

BEIRUT • A United Nations-brokered deal to evacuate more than 2,000 Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) fighters and other militants from rebel-held suburbs of Damascus has been delayed, dealing a blow to UN peace efforts.

The evacuation from Damascus had been expected to take place early on Saturday but was delayed as there was now no secure territory for the militants to pass through, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, an independent Britain-based monitoring group that tracks violence across Syria.

Buses were due to transport the fighters to Raqqa, the de facto capital of ISIS in northern Syria, said Lebanese Hizbollah's Manar TV station. But this fell through after the Jaysh al-Islam rebel group's leader - Zahran Alloush - through whose territory the convoy had been granted safe passage - was killed in an air strike on Friday, Manar said.

The arrangement was the first of its kind between the Syrian authorities and ISIS. It would have marked a significant success for the government of President Bashar al-Assad, increasing its chances of reasserting control over a strategic area 4km south of the centre of the capital. It was unclear when, and if at all, the evacuation would take place.

The delay deals a blow to UN efforts to end a years-long government siege of parts of the city controlled by a patchwork of rebel groups that has impeded the flow of food and humanitarian aid, starving many people to death.

The UN said it aimed to convene peace talks in Geneva on Jan 25 to try to end nearly five years of civil war and it appealed to the warring parties not to allow events on the ground to derail the process.

The UN and foreign governments have stepped up efforts to broker local ceasefires and safe-passage deals towards a wider goal of ending the civil war, in which more than 250,000 people have been killed.

The civil war was sparked by a Syrian government crackdown on a pro-democracy movement in early 2011. ISIS militants have used the chaos to seize territory in Syria and Iraq. About 4.3 million Syrians have fled their country.

The UN Security Council on Dec 18 unanimously approved a resolution endorsing an international road map for a Syrian peace process, a rare show of consensus among major powers.

UN Syria mediator Staffan de Mistura, announcing the planned date of the peace talks in Geneva next month, said in a statement on Saturday that he aimed to convene representatives of the Syrian government and "the broadest possible spectrum of the Syrian opposition and others".

He counted on the full cooperation of all the relevant Syrian parties. "Continuing developments on the ground should not be allowed to derail it," the statement said.

In a separate development that underlined the rapidly changing military situation, a United States-backed alliance of Syrian Kurds and Arab rebel groups said it had captured a dam from ISIS on Saturday, cutting a main supply route of the militants across the Euphrates river. Since the alliance was formed last October, its fighters have launched several major offensives against ISIS with the ultimate goal of capturing Raqqa.

Its spokesman, Colonel Talal Selo, said the seizure of the dam, with the backing of US coalition planes, helped isolate the militants' strongholds in northern Aleppo from their territories east of the Euphrates, where Raqqa is located.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on December 28, 2015, with the headline 'ISIS exit delayed after rebel leader killed'. Print Edition | Subscribe