Iraq gains ground in Mosul's Old City

Iraqi civilians being evacuated from Mosul's Old City last Saturday. The city's narrow streets and closely spaced buildings, combined with a large civilian population, have made for an extremely difficult fight for the Iraqi forces against ISIS.
Iraqi civilians being evacuated from Mosul's Old City last Saturday. The city's narrow streets and closely spaced buildings, combined with a large civilian population, have made for an extremely difficult fight for the Iraqi forces against ISIS.PHOTO: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

After eight months, special forces in final stages of assault to drive ISIS from city

MOSUL (Iraq) • Iraqi special forces have recaptured more of Mosul's historic heart as they press on with the final stages of an assault to drive the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group from Iraq's second city.

More than eight months since the country's forces launched a gruelling operation to retake Mosul, ISIS has gone from fully controlling the city to holding a few neighbourhoods on its western side.

Counterterrorism forces liberated the Makawi area of the Old City, the joint operations command announced yesterday, in a further blow to the heart of the militant group's cross-border "caliphate".

Iraqi forces have been closing in on the Old City for months, but its narrow streets and closely spaced buildings combined with a large civilian population made for an extremely difficult fight.

Security forces recaptured a series of nearby districts, cornering the Islamist militants, before launching an assault inside the Old City on June 18. They have since made significant progress.

Last Saturday, officers announced the recapture of a hospital and its surroundings north of the Old City, removing a nearby but unconnected pocket of ISIS resistance.

Interior Ministry forces recaptured the Ibn Sina hospital and other medical facilities, including a blood bank and a clinic, Staff Lieutenant-General Abdulamir Yarallah said in a statement. ISIS has occupied several of Mosul's hospitals during the battle for the city.

Some security personnel have complained that restrictions on using heavy weapons against hospitals, intended to protect the facilities, have made operations riskier and more time-consuming.

Federal police chief Raed Shakir Jawdat said the area around the hospital, Al-Shifaa, had been completely retaken, limiting ISIS' presence in Mosul to the Old City.

"Our forces are advancing from three sides and are pursuing the terrorist groups in the few remaining areas of the Old City," Lieutenant-General Jawdat said in a statement.

Last Thursday, Iraqi forces retook the remains of the Grand Mosque of al-Nuri in their greatest symbolic victory since the battle began. ISIS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gave a triumphal sermon at the mosque after the militant group captured Mosul in 2014, calling on Muslims to obey him.

The mosque became a symbol of Baghdadi's rule and ISIS' self-declared cross-border "caliphate".

The terrorists made sure that the Nuri mosque was not captured intact, blowing it up along with its famed leaning minaret - known affectionately as "Al-Hadba" (the Hunchback) - as Iraqi forces closed in.

ISIS claimed on its Amaq propaganda agency that the site was hit in a US air strike, but the US-led coalition said it was the militants who had "destroyed one of Mosul and Iraq's great treasures".

Even though it lies in ruins, the mosque's recapture has provided a boost to Iraq's forces and its government. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declared that the militants' "caliphate" was coming to an end.

Last Friday, a senior Iraqi commander said victory in Mosul would be declared within the "next few days". ISIS overran large areas north and west of Baghdad in 2014, but Iraqi forces backed by US-led coalition air strikes have since regained much of the territory they lost.

The recapture of Mosul will not, however, mark the end of the war against ISIS.

The terrorist group still holds territories in both Iraq and neighbouring Syria, where it has been able to carry out attacks in government-held areas.

ISIS militants and "lone wolf" attackers inspired by the group's ideology have also carried out multiple operations overseas.

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on July 03, 2017, with the headline 'Iraq gains ground in Mosul's Old City'. Print Edition | Subscribe