JERUSALEM • Three Arab-Israeli gunmen shot dead two Israeli policemen near one of Jerusalem's most holy places yesterday and were then killed by security forces, police said.
It was one of the most serious attacks so close to the volatile holy site, known to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary and to Jews as Temple Mount, in years.
The Israeli authorities shut the area to Muslims gathering for Friday prayers afterwards, drawing a call for resistance from Palestinian religious leaders.
The Palestinian Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Mohammad Hussein called on Palestinians to defy the closure, and was later reported to have been detained.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas condemned the attack in a phone call with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, but also said closing down the area could have repercussions.
The three gunmen arrived at the sacred site, which stands on a marble and stone plateau on the edge of Jerusalem's Old City, and walked towards one of the nearby ancient stone gates, police spokesman Luba Simri said.
"When they saw policemen, they shot at them and then escaped towards one of the mosques in the Temple Mount compound," Ms Simri said. "A chase ensued and the three terrorists were killed by police." She said three firearms were found on their bodies.
The Shin Bet, Israel's internal security service, said the gunmen were all Arab citizens of Israel who were unknown to the authorities.
Mobile phone video footage aired by Israeli media showed several police officers chasing a man and shooting him at the site, a popular place for foreign tourists to visit.
The two policemen killed were Israeli Arab citizens from the country's Druze community. The Israeli ambulance service Magen David Adom said a third policeman was lightly wounded in the incident.
Tensions are often high around the compound, which houses the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the golden Dome of the Rock. It is managed by the Jordanian religious authorities and is adjacent to the Western Wall, a holy site where Jews are permitted to pray.
Mr Ofer Zalzberg, a senior analyst at the International Crisis Group think-tank, said images of the gunman being shot dead at the sacred site made the situation even more volatile.
"This can have much broader impact because defending Al-Aqsa is at the core of Palestinian nationalism," he told Reuters. "Israel's response of closing access entirely to Muslims in an attempt to deter further attacks actually exacerbates the crisis."
An aide to the mufti said he was later detained by police at the Old City. A police spokesman could not confirm that report. Reuters video footage showed the mufti being escorted away by a man in plain clothes through a crowd of Palestinians gathered near the compound gate.
No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, though the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas, which rules the Gaza Strip, praised it.
A wave of Palestinian street attacks that began in 2015 has slowed but not stopped. At least 257 Palestinians and one Jordanian citizen have been killed since the violence began. A few of the attacks were carried out by Arab Israeli citizens.
Israel says at least 176 of those killed were carrying out attacks while others died in clashes and protests. Forty Israelis, two American tourists and a British student have been killed in stabbings, shootings and car-rammings.
Israel annexed East Jerusalem, where the Old City and the holy compound are located, after the 1967 Middle East war and regards all of Jerusalem as its capital, a claim not recognised internationally.
Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a state they hope to establish in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.