BAGHDAD • The United States has returned hundreds of Iraqi artefacts that its special forces recovered during a raid in Syria against a man described as the top financier of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Some of the pieces were displayed at the Iraqi national museum during a repatriation ceremony attended by Antiquities Minister Adel Shirshab and US Ambassador Stuart Jones.
"These artefacts are indisputable evidence that (ISIS) - beyond its terrorism, beyond its brutality and destruction - is also a criminal gang that is looting antiquities from museums and historical sites," Mr Jones said. "And of course the purpose of this is to sell these items on the black market."
The pieces on display in one of the recently reopened museum's main Assyrian halls are small items, including coins, statuettes and jewellery. "The coins for example are from the Islamic period. This is evidence that this terrorism that claims such heritage is blasphemous is trying to profit from it by selling it," Mr Shirshab said.
The artefacts were retrieved by the US commandos who carried out a rare raid inside Syria on May 15 during which Abu Sayyaf, a top ISIS figure, was killed.
Abu Sayyaf was believed to be the militant organisation's top financier, and US officials said they were learning a lot by analysing what the raid had produced.
"These are very precious, priceless pieces," Mr Hakim al-Shammari, head of the exhibitions department at the museum, said.
He could not estimate the black market value of the recovered artefacts but said they would have made a substantial contribution to ISIS finances. "The revenue they get from selling such pieces is used to finance operations, buy weapons, recruit people and manufacture car bombs, for example."
Officials at Wednesday's ceremony provided few details on exactly where and when the returned artefacts had been looted.
ISIS has captured much attention by posting videos of its militants destroying statues and heritage sites on the grounds that they are idolatrous. However, experts argue they have mostly destroyed pieces that are too large to smuggle and sell off, and kept the smaller pieces, several of which are already resurfacing on the black market in the West.
The US says it has repatriated more than 3,000 stolen artefacts to Iraq since 2005.