TUNIS (AFP) - Three young European women with topless protest group Femen were arrested on Wednesday after baring their breasts in Tunis, a first in the Arab world that sparked scuffles outside the Tunisian capital's main courthouse.
Standing on a wall in front of the railings outside the courthouse, the women, two French and the other German, shouted: "Free Amina", in support of a young Tunisian woman detained while protesting against hardline Islamists and awaiting trial on Thursday.
"Breast Feed Revolution" read graffiti on the women, who wore only denim micro shorts and black shoes.
The police swiftly arrested them and took them inside the building, before a crowd of journalists.
The Femen protest, also intended to highlight the difficulties facing women in Tunisia, provoked the anger of a passing crowd and of some lawyers, who attacked and hit some of the journalists.
As the young women were being transferred from one office to another within the court building, the lawyers sang the Tunisian national anthem and shouted "Get out!" a rallying cry during the January 2011 revolution.
"An inquiry has been opened and they will be placed under arrest and brought to trial," justice ministry spokesman Adel Riahi told AFP, without specifying what the women might be charged with.
Indecency in Tunisia is punishable by six months in jail.
After the scuffles outside the courthouse, police intervened and arrested six French and Tunisian journalists, including from Reuters and France's Canal+ television.
The photojournalists had refused to give their pictures to police, who declined to say why the arrests were made.
"It is the first action that we have taken in the Arab world... I prepared this international team in Paris and they were sent yesterday (Tuesday) to Tunis," Femen's leader in Paris, Inna Shevchenko, told AFP by phone.
An 18-year-old Tunisian known by her pseudonym Amina Tyler was arrested in the city of Kairouan on May 19, the day that Salafist movement Ansar al-Sharia planned to hold an illegal congress there, after painting the word "Femen" on a wall near a cemetery.
She faces a pepper spray charge which carries a maximum sentence of six months in prison.
An investigating magistrate is also considering pressing a charge of desecrating a cemetery, punishable by up to two years in prison.
Amina sparked both scandal and a wave of online support after she was threatened by the country's increasingly active Salafists for posting topless pictures of herself on Facebook.
Her family said that she suffered from chronic depression and had suicidal tendencies, and they prevented her from going out, claiming her safety was at risk.
But Amina, who accused her relatives of holding her in captivity and beating her, ran away from home in April and has regularly appeared in public since, although never topless.
The Femen movement, founded in Ukraine and now based in Paris, has flourished since 2010, with feminists around the world stripping off in protest at a wide range of issues linked to the mistreatment of women, but also against dictatorship.
Tunisia, whose ruling coalition is headed by Islamist party Ennahda, has the most liberal laws in the Arab world governing women's rights, although gender equality has yet to be inscribed in the new constitution.
Secular opposition parties and feminist groups frequently accuse Ennahda of seeking to roll back women's rights, although the Islamist party has opposed enshrining Islamic sharia law in the constitution.
But a failed attempt last year to introduce the concept of gender "complementarity" rather than equality into the draft text raised serious doubts about the party's real intentions.