PARIS (AFP) - French President Emmanuel Macron has vowed to continue greeting crowds during his travels despite being slapped in the face, sparking debate on Wednesday (June 9) about whether such walkabouts are wise in a fraught political climate and what the assault symbolised for the country.
Macron shrugged off being struck across the face on Tuesday in the village of Tain l'Hermitage, calling it an "isolated event", and he defiantly fist-bumped onlookers later the same day in the nearby town of Valence.
On Wednesday, he returned to work in the safety of the Elysee Palace in central Paris as politicians and experts sought to interpret an incident that has been condemned across the political spectrum.
Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire saw the slap as a symptom of "the long deterioration of public debate" while other commentators flagged the danger of new violent protests emerging.
Macron remains a highly divisive figure whose presidency was rocked by anti-government "yellow vest" protests in 2018-2019, driven in part by the former investment banker's abrasive personality.
Veteran political commentator Pascal Perrineau saw "a sign of the return of extremely hot anger" which had been "frozen" by the Covid-19 pandemic of the last 15 months.
Pollsters were wary about trying to predict the electoral impact of a blow that Prime Minister Jean Castex equated to a strike against French democracy.
Violent crime is one of the chief concerns of French voters ahead of regional elections in a fortnight and presidential polls in April and May next year.
Macron is widely expected to seek a second term, with polls currently giving him a narrow lead over far-right leader Marine Le Pen.
Le Pen has warned that re-electing Macron would lead to "chaos".
Other rivals, including right-winger Xavier Bertrand, have pitched themselves as better placed to unify the country.
But the assault could help Macron if voters credit him with personal bravery and a willingness to engage with voters - helping dispel criticism from opponents who paint him as aloof and arrogant.
"It's an event that will leave a mark, but it's difficult to say what it will be," Bruno Jeanbart from the OpinionWay polling company told AFP.
Macron's assailant, a 28-year-old man identified as Damien T., is to appear Thursday before a judge under a fast-track judicial procedure, the prosecutor in Valence, southern France said.
Damien T. is expected to face charges of assaulting a public figure, an offence that carries a maximum three-year prison term.
French media raked over his social media pages, looking for clues to the political sympathies of a man known mainly for his love of medieval martial arts and board games.
AFP noted he was a subscriber to several far-right YouTube channels.
Popular evening talkshow Le Quotidien aired footage of one of its journalists meeting Damien T. and friends earlier in the day on Tuesday.
One of the friends, who said he identified with the anarchist movement, explained that they had come to speak to Macron about the "decline of France".
Police sources said that Damien T. had no criminal record and friends and acquaintances who spoke to AFP described him as a shy and placid character.
Macron has vowed to defy fears for his own safety and continue to meet-and-greet voters, despite the risk of encountering violent "yellow vest" protesters, or worse.
Islamic extremists have killed hundreds in France in a string of attacks since 2014 and Macron was personally targeted during demonstrations in Muslim countries last year over his defence of French secularism and the right to blaspheme.
"Obviously his trips are going to continue: the president will remain in contact with the French public," government spokesman Gabriel Attal said on Wednesday.
"It would be completely incomprehensible for people to be deprived of contact with the president because of an isolated individual who wanted to challenge" him, Attal added.
The centrist leader began a nationwide tour of France last week, promising to "take the pulse" of the country.
Experts noted that while French security services advise presidents on their safety they do not have the powers to prevent them from putting themselves in harm's way.
"In the United States it's the opposite: the Secret Service decides if a trip is seen as too dangerous and no one opposes them, not the people in charge of protocol or even the president," Jean-Pierre Diot, a former member of France's specialist VIP protection force, told Le Parisien newspaper.
"The Americans have a history of attacks," he added, referring to the history of political assassinations in the United States.