What next for Catalonia?

People react to results in Catalonia's regional elections at a gathering of the Catalan National Assembly (ANC) in Barcelona, on Dec 21, 2017.
People react to results in Catalonia's regional elections at a gathering of the Catalan National Assembly (ANC) in Barcelona, on Dec 21, 2017. PHOTO: REUTERS

MADRID (REUTERS) - Exiled Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont looks set to regain power after regional elections on Thursday (Dec 21), but what comes next is unlikely to be an easy ride.

CAN HE GO BACK TO CATALONIA?

Puigdemont is targeted by an arrest warrant for his role in organising an illegal independence referendum on Oct 1 and leading the secession bid. He is now in Brussels, but he faces arrest the minute he steps foot in Spain.

WHAT OF THE JAILED SEPARATIST LEADERS?

Seven of the 70 separatists elected on Sunday are either in jail or in exile on allegations of sedition and rebellion. Unless they are released or they return home, they cannot vote in Parliament to form a workable majority.

They could hope to be freed or have arrest warrants dropped if they swore no to pursue independence unilaterally. But that in turn could jeopardise support for a Puigdemont government from Catalonia's most vehement pro-independence party, the CUP.

Another option would be for these leaders to forfeit their seats and hand them to the next candidates on the list.

IS PUIGDEMONT ASSURED OF THE PRESIDENCY?

Puigdemont cannot take absolutely for granted that he will be Catalonia's next president because the other two separatist parties, the CUP and ERC, have shown some reluctance to put him back at the helm. His party got more votes than the other two.

 
 

WHAT'S ON THE AGENDA?

Negotiations to form a government are likely to start following a holiday break, after Jan 6.

Around the same date, conservative Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy will say when regional Parliament will begin preliminary proceedings ahead of its first sitting. That process must start no later than Jan 23.

Parliament must then vote by Feb 8 on putting a new government into place. By then, Puigdemont should also clarify whether he will put himself forward as Catalonia president.

WHAT HAPPENS IF A PRESIDENT CANNOT BE CHOSEN?

If no leader can command an absolute majority of the 135-seat regional assembly, a second vote will be held where a leader only needs a majority of votes cast in the chamber.

If that does not work, talks can go on for another two months. If they fail, Parliament is dissolved and new elections are held.