VATICAN CITY • The Vatican should be much more aggressive in dealing with people suspected of financial crimes such as money laundering and step up prosecutions and indictments, a European finance watchdog agency said yesterday.
Moneyval, the monitoring body of the Council of Europe, said that while the Vatican has made great strides in cleaning up its scandal-plagued bank and other financial departments, it was still excessively timid on the judicial front.
There was no immediate response from the Vatican, but Pope Francis has made cleaning up finances a priority and Holy See staff worked with the Moneyval evaluators.
The Strasbourg-based watchdog evaluates how a country's financial legislation and practices comply with international standards on combating money laundering and other financial crimes.
The highly detailed 150-page report, Moneyval's third evaluation of the tiny sovereign city-state since 2012, said many past deficiencies had been addressed.
"There still remains, however, a continued lack of indictments for money laundering or for related serious proceeds-generating offences in the three years since (the 2012 report). This situation needs to be improved," it said in the report.
It said that while 29 money laundering investigations had been started and more than €11 million (S$17 million) frozen in Vatican accounts, "there are no real results emerging by way of serious prosecutions in any of the outstanding inquiries".
The report appeared to be referring to at least two major pending cases of suspected financial crimes, such as embezzlement and money laundering, in the past year.
The first case involved a department of the Holy See which oversees real estate, while the second revolved around the sale of Vatican-owned real estate. There have been no indictments in either case, even though they reached the highest levels of the Vatican's financial structure.
By comparison, the Vatican's judiciary, known as the Office of the Promoter of Justice, moved quickly to indict five people, including two journalists, currently on trial over a leaks scandal.
The Moneyval report was generally positive about the oversight by the Vatican's financial intelligence authority, known by its Italian abbreviation AIF, as well as about major reforms at the Vatican bank, whose official name is the Institute for Works of Religion (IOR).
The Pope has greatly increased the power and independence of the AIF, headed by Swiss lawyer Rene Bruelhart. The IOR, which was for decades embroiled in many financial scandals, has been overhauled in the past few years and thousands of accounts have been closed.
Moneyval said the AIF had carried out some "ad hoc inspections" of Apsa, a Vatican department that deals with real estate and investments and which has been hit by various scandals in recent years. A cleric who worked as a senior accountant at Apsa for 22 years was arrested in Italy in 2013 and is currently on trial in Italy on money laundering charges.
In a statement issued last week, the Vatican said Moneyval had welcomed continued efforts to further strengthen anti-money laundering measures, but made no mention of Moneyval's criticisms of the slow judiciary.