GENEVA (AFP) - Switzerland votes in a fresh referendum on Sunday (Feb 28) on whether foreign criminals should be automatically deported even for minor offences, after a far-right push to tighten the rules.
Polling stations open at 9am local time for the vote, which comes at a time when many European countries are hardening their attitudes to migrants after more than a million arrived on the continent last year.
More than half of Swiss voters backed strengthening rules to automatically expell foreign nationals convicted of violent or sexual crimes in a referendum on the same topic six years ago.
But the populist right-wing Swiss People's Party (SVP) has accused Parliament of dragging its feet on writing the text into law and watering it down when it did so last March.
Known for its virulent campaigns against immigration, the European Union and Islam, the party has proposed tougher rules, calling for "a real deportation of criminal foreigners".
The initiative faces stiff opposition, including from the government, parliament and all the other major political parties, who have warned it circumvents the "fundamental rules" of democracy.
If passed, it would dramatically increase the number of offences that can get foreign nationals automatically kicked out of Switzerland, including misdemeanours usually punishable with short prison sentences or fines.
It would also remove a judge's right to refrain from deportation in cases where it would cause the foreign national "serious personal hardship".
More than 50,000 people including hundreds of celebrities have signed a petition against the proposals.
SVP's campaign initially garnered strong support, but appears to have lost some steam among voters.
A poll by gfs.bern earlier this month found 49 per cent of those questioned opposed the text while 46 per cent were in favour - but with 5 per cent still undecided, the vote could go either way.
Opponents warn that if the text passes, people born to foreign parents in Switzerland risk being deported to countries they have never lived in, for petty offences.
Last time they voted on the issue, the Swiss agreed to automatically deport foreigners found guilty of murder, rape and other serious sexual offences, violent crimes like robbery, drug trafficking and abusing social aid.
The initiative under scrutiny on Sunday wants any foreigner found guilty of two lower-level infractions - including fighting, money laundering, giving false testimony and indecent exposure - in the space of 10 years to be expelled.
The Swiss will also voice their opinions on a range of other issues in the vote, including the proposed construction of a new road tunnel under the Gottard pass in the central Swiss Alps.