Civilians in Kherson urged to flee, a sign that Russia is losing control of land it says to have annexed

Ukrainian soldiers ride atop an armoured military vehicle near the village of Rubtsi, in the Donetsk region of Ukraine, on Oct 13, 2022. PHOTO: NYTIMES

KYIV - Evacuees from Ukraine’s southern Kherson region were expected to begin arriving in Russia on Friday after a Moscow-installed official suggested residents should leave for safety, a sign of Moscow’s weakening hold on territory it claims to have annexed.

“We suggested that all residents of the Kherson region, if they wish, to protect themselves from the consequences of missile strikes...go to other regions,” Russian-installed Kherson administration chief Vladimir Saldo said in a video message. People should “leave with their children”.

The offer applied foremost to residents on the west bank of the Dnipro River, he said. That includes the regional capital, the only major Ukrainian city Russia has captured intact since invading in February.

The first civilians fleeing from Kherson were due to arrive in Russia’s Rostov region on Friday, TASS news agency reported.

Kherson is one of four partially occupied Ukrainian provinces that Russia claims to have annexed in recent weeks, and arguably the most strategically important.

It controls both the only land route to the Crimea peninsula Russia seized in 2014, and the mouth of the Dnipro, the 2,200km river that bisects Ukraine.

Since the start of October, Ukrainian forces have burst through Russia’s front lines there in their biggest advance in the south since the war began. They have since been advancing rapidly along the west bank, aiming to cut off thousands of Russian troops from supply lines and potential escape routes across it.

TASS quoted the governor of Rostov, which borders on the Ukrainian territories that Russia claims to have annexed, as saying his region was prepared to host anyone who chose to leave Kherson.

The body of a person killed during strikes on Ukraine's Mykolaiv is lowered from a heavily damaged residential building, on Oct 13, 2022. PHOTO: REUTERS

Blow to annexation claim

A flight of civilians from Kherson would be a major blow to Russia’s claim to have annexed around 15 per cent of Ukraine’s territory and incorporated an area the size of Portugal into Russia.

Russia has assigned many of its best-trained troops to defend Kherson’s west bank. But that force can only be supplied across the river, which is several kilometres wide and has few crossings.

In the past two weeks Ukraine has recaptured a swath of territory, with its forces bearing down towards the 3km long Nova Kakhovka dam that provides one of the last river crossings. Ukraine’s gains in the south this month followed rapid gains in the east since September.

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Mykolaiv, the nearest big Ukrainian-held city to Kherson, came under massive Russian bombardment on Thursday, with civilian facilities hit, local officials said.

Regional governor Vitaly Kim said the top two floors of a five-storey residential building were destroyed and the rest were under rubble. Video footage provided by state emergency services showed rescuers pulling out an 11-year-old boy whom the governor said had spent six hours trapped under the rubble.

In the east, three Russian missiles exploded on Thursday morning near the central market in Kupiansk, a major railway junction city that Ukrainian forces recaptured in September.

The missiles destroyed shops, carpeting surrounding streets with glass shards, rubble, and twisted metal sheets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in a video address on Thursday that “brutal” fighting continued in the wine- and salt-producing town of Bakhmut on the frontline in the eastern Donetsk region, another area Russia has attempted to annex.

Mr Zelensky said Ukrainian troops were defending Bakhmut with "skilful and heroic actions".

Russian and Moscow-backed separatist forces view the town as a major objective and have captured several nearby villages. Russian troops had advanced up to 2km towards the town, British intelligence said on Monday, though analysts said the front line was fluid.

Dangerous times

Russian President Vladimir Putin has responded to the battlefield setbacks with dramatic moves to escalate the conflict: proclaiming the annexation of territory, calling up hundreds of thousands of reservists and repeatedly threatening to use nuclear weapons to protect Russia.

Ukrainian servicemen carry the body of a civilian from the rubble of a destroyed house, in Yakovlivka, in Ukraine's Donetsk region, following shelling, on Oct 13, 2022, PHOTO: AFP

Nato Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said on Thursday after a two-day meeting of defence ministers that the alliance would not drop support for Ukraine because of Moscow’s nuclear threats. Many countries pledged new military aid for Ukraine.

“We will not be intimidated,” Mr Stoltenberg told reporters. “They know that if they use (a) nuclear weapon against Ukraine, it will have severe consequences.”

This week, Russia launched the biggest air strikes since the start of the war, firing more than 100 cruise missiles mainly at Ukraine’s electricity and heat infrastructure. Mr Putin said the strikes were retaliation for a blast on Saturday that damaged Russia’s bridge to Crimea.

Mr Zelensky on Thursday said Ukraine had about only 10 per cent of what it needed to protect itself against Russian air attacks. REUTERS

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