France is emerging from its worst security crisis in decades following a series of attacks in a short span of three days. It began with the massacre of 12 people at satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo on Jan 7 and ended with police storming two hostage sites, killing two brothers wanted for the magazine attack and a suspected accomplice involved in a supermarket siege on Jan 9.
Who's behind the attacks?
The assailants in the Charlie Hebdo shooting and the supermarket siege knew each other, and had coordinated their attacks.
What triggered the attacks?
Gunmen behind the attack on satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo reportedly yelled, "We have avenged the Prophet!" as they stormed the office. The weekly magazine has a controversial history of depicting Prophet Muhammad, often in an unfavourable light, which has angered many Muslims around the world.
Who are the victims?
1. Charlie Hebdo cartoonists among 12 killed
Eight cartoonists and journalists, including the editor of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, were killed when gunmen stormed its Paris offices.
2. Cartoonist who let gunmen into Charlie Hebdo building says she was 'brutally threatened'
Cartoonist Corinne Rey had just picked up her child from nursery and was going to enter her office building when she was confronted by two heavily armed men wearing balaclavas.
3. 4 hostages killed in supermarket siege
Four French Jews were killed in the attack on the kosher supermarket on Jan 9. Yoav Hattab, Philippe Braham, Yohan Cohen and Francois-Michel Saada were at the Hyper Cacher supermarket in Porte de Vincennes shortly before the start of the Jewish sabbath when it was attacked by Islamist gunman Amedy Coulibaly. Another 15 people were taken hostage. Police stormed the building and killed Coulibaly.
4. Young Muslim hailed a hero for hiding hostages in supermarket siege
Lassana Bathily, 24, originally from Mali in west Africa, reportedly shepherded terrified customers to safety in a walk-in chiller as the Islamist gunman took hold of the kosher supermarket.
What has been said about the attacks
1. Making sense of the Charlie Hebdo episode
Among the reams of comment on the Charlie Hebdo attack, there are four discernible strands of thought, says Opinion editor Chua Mui Hoong.
2. Fallout from Paris shootings: Asian views
Excerpts from newspaper editorials and columnists in the region on the violence in Paris.
3. When Paris shootings strike close to the heart in S-E Asia
A lesson that can be learnt from the Paris tragedy is this: Living as we do in a plural and complex South-east Asia, it is crucial that societies and governments alike appreciate that diversity is a reality that we cannot ever hope to escape from, says Associate Professor Farish A. Noor of the S Rajaratnam School of International Studies at the Nanyang Technological University.
4. What the Hebdo attack says about France, and the future of Europe
Consider the specific issue at the heart of the Hebdo nightmare: the question of whether European nation-states can successfully integrate Muslim immigrants, and what will happen if they don’t.