GOSSI, Mali (AFP) - Dressed in protective white overalls, French experts sift through the debris of the Air Algerie plane that disintegrated over the northern Mali desert last week, killing all 118 on board.
Yet for days of meticulous searching across the shifting sands of the remote crash site at the southern edge of the Sahara desert, they have yet to see a single intact body.
The nearest town in the desolate landscape where the plane came down is Gossi, a settlement of 25,000 people centred around a cattle market, some 150km from the regional capital, Gao.
In scorching heat, the experts - gendarmes, police and a team from France's plane crash investigation agency BEA - are combing the moonscape one square metre at a time.
Flight AH5017, which took off early Thursday morning from Ouagadougou in neighbouring Burkina Faso bound for Algiers, went missing amid reports of heavy storms.
There were 54 French nationals on the jet, alongside 23 Burkinabe, and nationals of Lebanon, Algeria, Spain, Canada, Germany and Luxembourg.
In addition to body parts or items that could help identify the victims, experts are searching for clues that could help explain why the aircraft was obliterated.
"We realised right away that we would have to go straight to DNA analysis," said Colonel Patrick Touron, deputy head of the French gendarmerie's Criminal Research Institute.
"We saw that we had no intact bodies... just very badly broken bodies which weren't identifiable using the classic forensic methods, dental records and fingerprints." An international team of investigators is backed up by several hundred soldiers - French, Malians and troops in MINUSMA, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali - who have secured the site.
"Our job is to provide logistical support to French investigators, and their Malian, Algerian and Spanish colleagues," French Chief of Staff General Pierre de Villiers told AFP in Paris.
Temperatures in northern Mali can exceed 40 deg C in July and an urgent task for the investigators is protecting evidence from the sweltering heat.
"The molecular biology techniques require meticuluous sample preservation. Time here is against us. It is very hot and the samples become degraded very quickly," said Col Touron.
Samples lifted from the debris are taken to two white tents marked National Gendarmerie.
In another tent, experts retrieve samples from victims' relatives who have been transported from Ouagadougou.
"It is imperative that we get the DNA of relatives so that we can then try to identify a brother, a father, a sister... The more information we have, the more rapid will be the identification," Col Touron told AFP.
Mr Sandwidi Rodrigue, who lost a parent in the accident, was able to speak to experts on the crash site.
"They told us they have recovered hundreds of parts of victims. But all that could be the remains of two or three people," he said.
Mr Bassindua Laurent, whose eldest brother and a friend were killed in the crash, left a bouquet of flowers on the periphery of the secure area and broke down, his head in his hands.
He told AFP he would take a mixture of ash and sand from the site, "as a testament to the horror that took place in Gossi".
"This is all that remains of what is most dear to us. We will keep this in our family... I hope from my heart all these people rest in peace," he said.