BERLIN, LONDON (AFP/REUTERS) - German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives reached a "breakthrough" deal Friday (Jan 12) with the country's second biggest party, the Social Democrats, toward building a new coalition government, sources close to the negotiations said.
After more than 24 hours of talks, party chiefs reached an in-principle deal to start formal coalition talks that could lead in the coming months to a new government for the biggest EU economy, the sources told AFP.
In the all-night talks in Berlin, the party chiefs - Merkel of the Christian Democrats as well as Social Democrats (SPD) leader Martin Schulz and the head of Merkel's Bavarian allies, Horst Seehofer - and their negotiators hammered out a 28-page joint paper that will form the basis for the talks ahead.
Potential pitfalls remain, including votes by sceptical SPD delegates and later the labour party's rank-and-file members that could yet give the thumbs down to another left-right "grand coalition", the constellation that has ruled Germany for the past four years.
Germany has been in political paralysis since a September 24 election in which Merkel failed to win a clear majority - in part due to the rise of the far-right and anti-immigration Alternative for Germany (AfD) which took millions of votes from all major parties.
Merkel initially turned to two smaller parties, the Free Democrats and Greens, to form a new coalition government for her forth term, but when those talks collapsed in November, she had to once more woo a reluctant SPD for a new power pact.
Both Merkel and Schulz went into the talks Thursday warning of "big obstacles" ahead, and major sticking points in the red-eye negotiations that followed were immigration, finances and health policy, sources said.
Everything was at stake for Merkel and the other party leaders in the marathon talks.
"The negotiations are not just about a coalition, but also their careers," said Karl-Rudolf Korte of Duisburg-Essen University. "It would be the end for all three if this coalition does not come about."
Germany's rude economic health has stood in stark contrast to the political paralysis which has entered a fourth month, with Merkel currently running a caretaker government.
In fact the political talks were tripped up by the country's strong finances, as parties had opposing views on how to spend the cash.
The SPD, seeking to push its social welfare agenda, is demanding greater relief for the lower and middle income brackets and tax hikes for top earners, while the conservatives had campaigned with a promise of "tax cuts for all".
The embattled mainstream parties are also struggling to fend off the encroaching far right, which has seized on anger and fears over a mass influx of refugees and netted a record showing at the September poll.
To halt a haemorrhage to the AfD, Merkel's alliance wants a tougher stance on immigration, something that is hard to sell to the SPD.
'SPD MOOD GRIM'
A new coalition deal can still be torpedoed when SPD delegates, and later rank-and-file members, get to vote on whether the party should once again govern in Merkel's shadow.
Scepticism is high after the SPD scored a humiliating result in September.
The SPD's youth wing chief Kevin Kuehnert has vowed to embark on a national tour to press his case to opposing a new grand coalition before a September 21 party congress.
"The mood of the party rank and file with regards to a grand coalition is still grim. That's why I think we have a good chance," said Kuehnert.
Opinion polls suggest most Germans are less than enthusiastic about a new conservative-SPD alliance.
A survey published by Focus magazine found that only 30 per cent of Germans favour a return of the grand coalition, while 34 per cent prefer new elections.
Another poll published by public broadcaster ARD found that only 45 per cent viewed a new grand coalition positively, while 52 per cent did not.
Meanwhile, German bond yields hit fresh five-month highs on Friday and the euro hit a three-year high as coalition progress in Germany added to a bond sell-off first triggered by the possibility of a European Central Bank rethink on policy messaging.
The news that Europe's biggest economy could end political uncertainty after a September 2017 election delivered a hung parliament boosted the euro and pushed investors away from safe haven German bonds.
"We are seeing a bit of a downside on (German) Bunds on the back of the agreement for coalition talks," said Commerzbank strategist Michael Leister.
The yield on Germany's 10-year government bond rose as high as 0.54 per cent in early trade, the highest since August. It dropped again as the session wore on but was still close to five-month highs at 0.52 per cent.
Meanwhile the euro climbed to a three-year high: the SPD are considered heavily pro-Europe, with leader Martin Schulz last year arguing for closer ties and calling for a"United States of Europe".
The rise in yields adds to a sell off that intensified on Thursday after minutes from the ECB's December meeting showed the bank could revisit its policy messaging in early 2018 and gradually adjust its language to reflect improved growth prospects.
Analysts said the minutes were interpreted by markets as a sign that rate-setters may accelerate the timeline on winding down their 2.55 trillion euros bond-buying programme, the key plank of their stimulus policy for the past three years.
"Markets will stay nervous until (ECB president) Draghi provides his views on the aggressive repricing and euro appreciation two weeks from now," said Commerzbank strategists in a note.
Most core euro zone bond yields dropped 1-3 bps on Friday, but only after rising sharply earlier in the week.
France's 10-year government bond yield, as an example, was lower 3 bps at 0.85 per cent, but only after having 8 bps from the start of the week.
Later on Friday, the United States is expected to release its December inflation data, which the market will use to form its rate hike forecasts.
Global bonds markets have been rattled this week by possible central bank action, starting on Tuesday when the Bank of Japan trimmed its purchase of long-dated Japanese government bonds.