Macron dampens Johnson's hopes on Brexit renegotiation

French President Emmanuel Macron warns Prime Minister Boris Johnson there isn't enough time to negotiate a whole new Brexit deal.

French leader defends Irish backstop and EU single market

PARIS • British Prime Minister Boris Johnson exuded confidence yesterday as he pressed French President Emmanuel Macron to accept his request to reopen Brexit negotiations during their meeting in Paris on the second stop of his first European tour as UK leader.

After ticking off examples of close ties between the two countries, Mr Johnson turned on a charm offensive, stressing that the UK wants a Brexit deal with the EU.

But even as he chummily called the French leader by his first name, Mr Johnson added that it was his duty to carry out the wishes of the British people, who by a narrow margin voted to leave the EU.

"As you yourself have just pointed out, Emmanuel, it is vital for trust in politics, that if you have a referendum, then you should act on the instructions of the voters. And that is why we must come out of the EU October 31, deal or no-deal," Mr Johnson said. "Then of course we can take our relationship forward. I agree with you wholeheartedly Emmanuel that it is a quite extraordinary relationship."

But while smiling for the cameras, Mr Macron dampened expectations, stressing "we have to respect what was negotiated". He also reiterated what the EU has been saying for months - that it will not re-open the Brexit withdrawal deal negotiated with Britain's previous prime minister Theresa May.

That Brexit deal includes an insurance policy known as the Irish backstop, which would keep the UK closely aligned in trade with the EU if the two sides cannot find another way to prevent the return of checks on the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

Mr Macron said that the backstop is indispensable. Mr Johnson repeatedly countered that Britain would not place checks at the border, raising the possibility that the EU would be forced to decide how to deal with that land border between the UK and the EU.

Mr Johnson was buoyed on Wednesday by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who raised the possibility in talks that a negotiated departure from the EU may still be possible if Britain comes up with alternative plans for the Irish border within 30 days. But Dr Merkel later clarified she had not given Britain 30 days to find a solution for the Irish backstop but had wanted to highlight how short time was before the Brexit deadline of Oct 31.


Mr Macron, a pro-business centrist, was elected in 2017 on a promise to make Europe stronger to better protect EU citizens.

He also insisted the EU single market must be preserved. Otherwise, that would mean telling EU citizens "we can't protect you as consumers and producers anymore because we must be nice to Mr Johnson", he said, adding: "No!"

Mr Macron also said that France is prepared for a no-deal Brexit, even though that is not the country's preferred option.

Mr Johnson is seeking concessions from the EU to win support in the British Parliament, which has already rejected three times the agreement negotiated by Mrs May.

The EU has twice delayed Britain's departure date, which is now scheduled for Oct 31. Mr Johnson has said Britain will leave the EU on that date, with or without an agreement, raising concerns about economic damage on both sides of the English Channel.

The EU says the backstop is merely an insurance policy meant to avoid checkpoints that were a flashpoint for sectarian violence in the past, and will not be needed if other solutions are found to regulate goods moving across the border. But technological solutions have so far proved inadequate, and it is unclear what new proposals Mr Johnson may offer in the next few weeks.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on August 23, 2019, with the headline 'Macron dampens Johnson's hopes on Brexit renegotiation'. Print Edition | Subscribe