First case of dengue spread through sex confirmed in Spain

An Aedes aegypti mosquito seen through a microscope at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on Aug 14, 2019.
An Aedes aegypti mosquito seen through a microscope at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation laboratory in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on Aug 14, 2019.PHOTO: AFP

MADRID • Spanish health authorities last Friday confirmed a case of a man spreading dengue through sex, a world first for a virus which, until recently, was thought to be transmitted only by mosquitoes.

The case concerned a 41-year-old man from Madrid who contracted dengue after having sex with his male partner, who picked up the virus from a mosquito bite during a trip to Cuba, said Ms Susana Jimenez of the Madrid region's public health department.

His dengue infection was confirmed in September and it puzzled doctors because he had not travelled to a country where the disease - which causes severe flu-like symptoms such as high fever and body aches - is common, she added.

"His partner presented the same symptoms as him but lighter, around 10 days earlier, and he had previously visited Cuba and the Dominican Republic," Ms Jimenez said.

"An analysis of their sperm was carried out and it revealed that not only did they have dengue, but that it was exactly the same virus which circulates in Cuba."

In an e-mail sent to Agence France-Presse, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, which monitors diseases in Europe, said this was "to our knowledge, the first sexual transmission of the dengue virus among men who have sex with men".

According to the World Health Organisation's website, dengue is transmitted mainly by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which thrives in densely populated tropical climates and breeds in stagnant pools of water.

 

It is most serious - and deadly - in children, especially young girls, though scientists do not know why.

Dengue is most commonly caught by people travelling to hotter climates such as South-east Asia, Africa, Australia, the Caribbean and South and Central America.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Sunday Times on November 10, 2019, with the headline 'First case of dengue spread through sex confirmed in Spain'. Print Edition | Subscribe