BERLIN (REUTERS) - Fears that apathy could boost the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) in an election on Sunday have driven Chancellor Angela Merkel and her main rival to urge their backers to go out and vote.
With many voters viewing a fourth term for Merkel as almost inevitable and put off by a turgid campaign - occasionally punctured by heckling and tomato hurling in protest at Merkel's refugee policy - pollsters say turnout may be low.
A GMS poll on Thursday (Sept 21) said 34 per cent were not planning to vote or were undecided, higher than the 29 per cent who did not cast ballots in the last election in 2013.
"My request to everyone is that they vote, and vote for those parties that adhere 100 per cent to our constitution,"Merkel told MDR radio on Thursday, pointing to the AfD.
The party has been running at between nine and 12 per cent in surveys. The GMS poll and one other also published on Thursday showed it chalking up gains that look set to make it the third-largest bloc in parliament.
Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel and some commentators have likened the AfD to Hitler's Nazis. The AfD dismisses such comparisons.
Some of its members have called for Germans to rewrite the history books on the Nazi era and the party has been dogged by rows over Holocaust denial, a crime in Germany.
Polls show conservative Merkel, trusted by stability-loving Germans to stand up to unpredictable leaders in the likes of the United States, Russia and Turkey, is on track to win.
But the shape of her coalition is wide open.
Most pollsters say a low turnout could boost the AfD, which has gained popularity by focusing on migration and security.
While mainstream parties have ruled out including the AfD in any governing coalition, it is poised to be the first far-right party to enter Germany's parliament in over half a century.
Gabriel told Russian broadcaster RT this week that not all AfD members or voters were Nazis, but the party has "people at the helm of the AfD that are inciting people to hatred, that are trading in Nazi propaganda."
Comments by some of the party's top members have caused outrage, including one leader who this month said Germany should be proud of its soldiers' achievements in World War II.
'WILLINGNESS TO VOTE'
Allensbach pollster Renate Koecher told Die Zeit weekly that much depended on turnout.
"Willingness to vote" was strongest among conservative and AfD supporters, she said.
Most undecideds were FDP, Green and Left voters, indicating that a higher turnout would help the smaller parties on the left, she said.
The two biggest blocs have dipped slightly in most polls in the last month or so while some of the smaller parties have inched up.
In the GMS survey, the AfD was up two points at 10 per cent and in a Forschungsgruppe Wahlen (FGW) poll up one point at 11 per cent.
AfD top candidate Alexander Gauland said on a debate on German broadcaster ZDF on Thursday that an influx of more than a million migrants over the last two years had left people worried about losing what they had worked for.
Merkel's conservative bloc slipped one percentage point in the GMS poll to 37 per cent and her main opponents, the Social Democrats (SPD), were unchanged on 22 per cent.
Conversely, the FGW survey showed the conservatives holding steady on 36 per cent while the SPD fell 1.5 points to 21.5 per cent.
SPD leader Martin Schulz has urged his supporters to vote, saying "everything is still possible".
In a highly unusual intervention this week, Merkel's right-hand man Peter Altmaier, head of the Chancellor's office, stirred controversy by suggesting it would be better for Germans not to vote at all rather than vote for the AfD.
Schulz told broadcaster N24 it was not sensible to encourage people not to vote, adding: "I urge AfD voters to consider the following: Whoever wants social justice, respect in our society and above all for Angela Merkel to be replaced must make the SPD strong."
SPD Justice Minister Heiko Maas accused Altmaier of helping the AfD.
"Telling people not to vote is... exactly what they want," he said.
Latest surveys suggest coalition options are limited to another grand coalition of Merkel's conservatives with the SPD, or a three-way "Jamaica" alliance of the conservatives, FDP and Greens which could limit Merkel's room for manoeuvre on euro-zone reform.
Both the Greens and FDP - who are at opposite ends of the political spectrum - have played down the likelihood of joining forces, fearing it would put off their voters. But on Thursday, FDP leader Christian Lindner struck a more positive note.
"The FDP is enthusiastic about going into government. But only if it can implement good things. If not, then we won't," he told Die Welt.