OSLO • Norway has tested a two-seater electric plane, and predicted a start to passenger flights by 2025 if new aviation technologies match a green shift that has made Norwegians the world's top buyers of electric cars.
Transport Minister Ketil Solvik-Olsen and Mr Dag Falk-Petersen, head of state-run Avinor, which runs most of Norway's airports, took a few minutes' flight on Monday around Oslo airport in an Alpha Electro G2 plane, built by Pipistrel in Slovenia.
"This is... a first example that we are moving fast forward" towards greener aviation, Mr Solvik-Olsen told Reuters. "We do have to make sure it is safe - people won't fly if they don't trust it."
He said plane makers such as Boeing and Airbus are developing electric aircraft and that battery prices are tumbling, making it feasible to reach a government goal of making all domestic flights in Norway electric by 2040.
Asked when passenger flights in electric planes could start, Mr Falk-Petersen, the pilot, said: "My best guess is before 2025... It should all be electrified by 2040."
The two said the plane, with a take-off weight of 570kg, was cramped and buffeted by winds but far quieter than a conventional plane run on fossil fuels.
Norway tops the world league for per capita sales of electric cars such as Teslas, Nissan Leafs and Volkswagen Golfs, backed by incentives such as big tax breaks, free parking and exemptions from road tolls.
In May, 56 per cent of all cars sold in Norway were either pure electric or hybrids, against 46 per cent in the same month last year, according to official statistics.
Norway, a mountainous country of five million people where fjords and remote islands mean many short-hop routes of less than 200km, would be ideal for electric planes, Mr Solvik-Olsen said.
Also, 98 per cent of electricity in Norway is generated from clean hydro power.
Some opposition politicians have said the government needed to do far more to meet green commitments in the 200-nation Paris climate agreement.
"This is a start... but we have to make jet fuel a lot more expensive," said Mr Arild Hermstad, a leader of the Green Party.
The first electric planes flew across the English Channel in July 2015, including an Airbus E-Fan. French aviator Louis Bleriot was the first person to fly across the Channel, in 1909, in a fossil-fuel powered plane.
Electric planes so far have big problems of weight, with bulky batteries and limited ranges. Both Mr Falk-Petersen and Mr Solvik-Olsen said they had been on strict diets before the flight.
"My wife is happy about it," Mr Solvik-Olsen said.