PARIS (AFP) - Doctors from major hospitals in England sounded an alarm on Wednesday (May 12) over a fivefold increase in the number of young children requiring medical treatment after swallowing magnets from toys.
Nearly half of these children aged four months and up required surgery to remove the magnets, often followed by complications, they reported in a research letter published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood, a medical journal.
From 2016 to 2020, four major hospitals in south-eastern England admitted 251 children who had swallowed a foreign object.
Coins accounted for 37 per cent of the items ingested, ahead of magnets (21 per cent) and button batteries (17 per cent).
Across all categories, the number of cases increased by more than half over this period.
But those involving magnets - mostly brightly coloured, matchstick-like pieces found in building sets - jumped fivefold, they reported.
More than 40 per cent of these incidents required surgery for removal.
"This was either laparoscopy - also known as keyhole surgery - or open abdominal surgery to retrieve the magnets from the intestine," Dr Hemanshoo Thakkar, a paediatric surgeon at Evelina London Children's Hospital, told AFP.
In half of the cases, there were complications.
"As the children suffer from a perforation, their abdomen becomes contaminated and this can result in ongoing infections," Dr Thakkar explained. "Some children have lost some of their bowel, which has to be removed if unhealthy."
The most serious case involved a youngster who underwent several operations, stayed in intensive care for a month, and in hospital for nearly five months.
No deaths were reported. "But left untreated, the injuries caused can be life-threatening," Dr Thakkar said.
In Britain, regulations require that all magnetic toys be accompanied by a warning notice, but most manufacturers do not display them prominently enough, the authors wrote.
In a case reported earlier this year in the Journal of Emergency Medicine, a three-year-old boy in the United States swallowed six magnetised pieces one after the other. Two of them stuck together in his throat, and the rest settled in his abdomen.
Assistant professor of paediatrics Bryan Rudolph at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore in New York City estimated in a commentary last year that there have been nearly 20,000 magnet-related injuries in the US since magnetised toys entered the market more than a decade ago.
The suitable age for use of such construction or desk toys is often 14 and older, but the average age of children who swallowed them in England was seven. Ages ranged from four months to 16 years old.
Dr Thakkar speculated that the sharp uptick in magnet-related incidents had to do with marketing.
"The most common magnets we have seen are sold as a shape-changer that can be moulded," he explained, noting that the objects are small, brightly coloured and attractive to children.
"There has been a surge of digital influencers online, with children promoting toys and a lack of robust regulation, leading to the popularisation of these toys," he added.
The doctors recommended an aggressive public health campaign to educate parents and daycare professionals on the danger of small, powerful magnets integrated into toys. Manufacturers, they added, should be required to provide clear warnings on packages.
Aside from magnets, most foreign objects swallowed by children pass through and exit the digestive tract without harm, the study said.