GENEVA (AFP) - The new coronavirus outbreak "is a controllable pandemic" if countries step up measures to tackle it, the head of the World Health Organisation (WHO) said on Thursday (March 12).
WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus acknowledged on Wednesday that the global outbreak of the new coronavirus could now be considered a pandemic - a disease actively spreading globally.
But he told diplomats in Geneva that describing the outbreak as a pandemic should not mean that countries give up the fight to stop it spreading further.
"This is a controllable pandemic," he said, according to a statement of his remarks.
"We are deeply concerned that some countries are not approaching this threat with the level of political commitment needed to control it.
"The idea that countries should shift from containment to mitigation is wrong and dangerous," he stressed.
More than 4,500 people have died, according to an AFP tally, while the WHO said some 125,000 cases had been reported from 118 countries and territories.
"To save lives, we must reduce transmission," Dr Tedros insisted.
"That means finding and isolating as many cases as possible and quarantining their closest contacts," he said, urging states to test every suspected case of Covid-19 in a bid to slow transmission.
"Even if you cannot stop transmission, you can slow it down and protect health facilities, old age homes and other vital areas - but only if you test all suspected cases."
The majority of cases have been in China, where the outbreak emerged in December, but major hot spots have also emerged in South Korea, Iran and Italy.
Together, those four countries account for more than 90 per cent of all reported cases, according to WHO.
The pandemic has disrupted cultural and sporting events around the world as authorities try to prevent large gatherings.
Dr Tedros said countries needed to find the right balance between protecting health and preventing social and economic disruption.
However, "containment" needed to remain the central pillar in any plan to tackle the spread, he said.
"You can't fight a virus if you don't know where it is. That means robust surveillance to find, isolate, test and treat every case, to break the chains of transmission."
Dr Tedros urged unaffected countries to prepare their health facilities, and pressed all states to innovate and share any new ways to prevent infections and minimise the impact of the outbreak.
More than US$440 million (S$616.5 million) has been pledged towards the WHO's strategic preparedness and response plan, he added.