LONDON (WASHINGTON POST) A British television station broadcast video on Monday (March 19) apparently showing the head of the data analysis firm Cambridge Analytica, which worked for US President Donald Trump's 2016 campaign, talking about using bribes, traps involving sex workers and other unethical tactics to swing elections around the world.
The broadcast by Channel 4 News offered no evidence that such methods were used during Cambridge Analytica's work for the Trump campaign, which paid the firm at least US$6 million (S$7.9 million).
But the broadcast sparked a fresh round of questions about a company already embroiled in controversy about its use of personal information from tens of millions of Facebooks users - the vast majority of whom had no idea their names, likes and work histories had been collected for political purposes.
The report, which The Washington Post has not independently confirmed, relied on surreptitious video recordings of Alexander Nix, 42, the chief executive of Cambridge Analytica, claiming to have used "a web of shadowy front companies" in pursuit of winning elections.
The company on Monday disputed the report and others published over the weekend about the company's use of massive troves of Facebook data.
"Cambridge Analytica strongly denies the claims recently made by The New York Times, the Guardian and Channel 4 News," the company said on Twitter.
Cambridge Analytica elaborated in a statement quoted by Channel 4 News, saying, "We entirely refute any allegation that Cambridge Analytica or any of its affiliates use entrapment, bribes, or so-called "honey-traps" for any purpose whatsoever. . . We routinely undertake conversations with prospective clients to try to tease out any unethical or illegal intentions."
According to the video posted by Channel 4 News, Nix appears to suggest the company could "send some girls around to the candidate's house."
He later added that he favoured Ukranian women in particular: "They are very beautiful, I find that works very well."
The surreptitiously recorded video also appears to depict conversations involving Nix, Mark Turnbull, the managing director of Cambridge Analytica Political Global, and Alex Tayler, the chief data officer.
The Channel 4 News team reportedly told the company officials they were meeting with a "fixer for a wealthy client hoping to get candidates elected in Sri Lanka."
The executives repeatedly appear to brag about their behind-the-scenes efforts to influence political outcomes in Malaysia, Mexico, Australia and Kenya, at one point teasing that they're beginning to work in China, too.
In one clip, Turnbull stresses the firm is not "in the business of fake news, we're not in the business of lying, making stuff up, and we're not in the business of entrapment. So we wouldn't send a pretty girl out to seduce a politician and then film them in their bedroom."
In a later conversation featuring Nix, however, the chief executive appears to float the idea that they could entrap candidates with potential bribes, "instantly having video evidence of corruption, putting it on the internet."
Nix later added, "Please don't pay too much attention to what I'm saying because I'm just giving you examples of what can be done, and what has been done."
In a number of the exchanges, Turnbull stresses the ability of Cambridge Analytica to play on people's "hopes and fears."
"You didn't know that was a fear until you saw something that just evoked that reaction from you," Turnbull appeared to say, "and our job is to get, is to drop the bucket further down the well than anybody else, to understand what are those really, deep-seated underlying fears, concerns."
In other clips, Turnbull describes links to former spies while also promising to be discrete, using "a different entity, with a different name, so that no record exists with our name attached to this at all."
Following the expose, Elizabeth Denham, Britain's Information Commissioner, told Channel 4 News that she was "shocked" and "deeply concerned." Her office has been conducting a widespread probe, which started last year, into data analytics and political profiling.
She said that on Tuesday morning she would be applying for a warrant to access Cambridge Analytica's databases and servers to "understand how data was processed or deleted by Cambridge Analytica - there are a lot of conflicting stories about the data."
When asked if she was concerned about Facebook getting "ahead" of her office by sending in its own team on Monday night to Cambridge Analytica's London offices, she said: "I think it's very important that we apply for the warrant and that we do the search on behalf of the public." But without a warrant, her office was unable to send in its own team.