AGROS, CYPRUS (AFP) - Lavender, basil and roses: history and aromatic plants are being cultivated in Cyprus to broaden its sun-and-sea appeal and regain its lofty botanical status dating back to Roman times.
From sunrise in the small mountain village of Agros standing at 1,100m in the Troodos mountain range, Ms Andria Tsolakis, her younger sister Elena and their mother Maria busy themselves among their rose bushes.
In the crisp morning air, they gather the Damask roses for which Agros and the family are famed.
For more than seven decades, the Tsolakis family have cultivated the pink rose of Syrian origin that they say first cropped up mysteriously at the foot of the village church, extracting rose water and oils used in cooking and cosmetics.
"We need around 400 roses, flowers, in order to make one kilo of roses (petals). And from that kilo, we will produce two litres of rose water," said 31-year-old Andria.
When their father, Chris, took over the business, he decided to start up a boutique called "The Rose Factory" and to add Agros on to the eastern Mediterranean island's tourist circuit.
In a normal tourist season, before the Covid-19 pandemic that has brought much of the sector to its knees, "we welcomed up to 10 buses every day", said Ms Elena Tsolakis.
A European project aims to promote tourism in six southern member states - Bosnia, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Italy and Malta - with the lure of their aromatic and medicinal plants.
Partly financed by the European Union, Mappae (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Pathways Across Europe) says its mission is to "create a multi-sensory, tourist and cultural thematic route, linking European destinations united by a common tradition".
Said Ms Yioula Michaelidou Papakyriacou, local coordinator of the project: "We are blessed with more than 800 different herbs, some of them can only be found in Cyprus. Our grandmothers could heal everything with herbs."
Ms Papakyriacou puts the high quality of the island's essential oils down to its geology, the formation of the Troodos range, air quality and meteorological conditions.
"The climate here is ideal to grow these kind of herbs, because herbs love the heat, they love the strong sun," said herbalist Miranda Tringis, who runs a botanical park near Ayia Napa, the island's top beach destination.
Cyprus is proud of its riches in flora, its plants as well as olive and cypress trees.
"It was like that in the first century after Christ, when (Roman naturalist) Pliny the Elder wrote that the herbs of Cyprus are the best in the entire Roman empire," said Ms Tringis. "And that is still true to this day."