BEIJING • China has opened the door to imports of rice from the United States for the first time in what analysts took to signal a warming of relations between the world's two biggest economies after a frosty year marked by tensions and tit-for-tat tariffs.
The green light from Chinese Customs, indicated in a statement on the authority's website yesterday, comes in the run-up to talks between the countries next month after US President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping agreed to a moratorium on higher tariffs that would affect trade worth hundred of billions of dollars.
It was not immediately clear how much rice China, which sources rice from within Asia, might seek to buy from the United States.
But the move, which comes after years of talks on the matter, follows pledges by China's commerce ministry of further US trade openings earlier this week.
As of Thursday, imports of brown, polished or crushed rice from the US are permitted, as long as cargoes meet China's inspection standards and are registered with the US Department of Agriculture.
''The permission for US rice suggests an improving US and China relationship,'' said Ms Cherry Zhang, an agriculture analyst with consultancy JCI.
Ms Zhang said she expected that any imports would likely be ordered by state-owned companies.
Officials at a government-affiliated think-tank in Beijing said the price of US rice is not competitive, compared with imports from South Asia, and said the move to formally permit import should be interpreted as a goodwill gesture.
China opened its rice market when it joined the World Trade Organisation in 2001, but a lack of phyto-sanitary protocol between China and the United States effectively banned imports, according to trade group USA Rice.
Nonetheless in July, China formally imposed additional tariffs of 25 per cent on US rice even though imports were not permitted at the time.