CARACAS (AFP, REUTERS) - Venezuelan riot police fired tear gas on Tuesday (March 10) to break up a demonstration in Caracas called by opposition leader Juan Guaido as he seeks to ramp up demands for elections to replace leftist President Nicolas Maduro.
Riot police moved in quickly to break up the demonstration soon after thousands of protesters began marching towards the National Assembly building from the east of the capital.
Mr Guaido, recognised as interim president by more than 50 countries including the United States, has been seeking to revive mass protests against Mr Maduro which have largely fizzled out since spiking early last year.
As the opposition leader attempted to negotiate with a police cordon blocking the path of the march on Tuesday, they fired tear gas at the demonstrators, AFP reporters at the scene said.
"This picket today does not represent Venezuela, this picket represents the dictatorship," Mr Guaido said, referring to the line of police with riot shields.
Most of the marchers left the area, but some with their faces covered threw stones at the police.
"A stage of sustained struggle begins today," Mr Guaido said earlier as he addressed the crowd through a megaphone from the back of a truck.
Thousands of protesters had begun the march in east Caracas waving Venezuelan flags and caps in the national colors. Local media reported smaller protests in other cities.
"Today we reconvene in the streets, the place where the citizens are free," said Mr Guaido in a tweet.
With her face still smeared with a substance to protect herself from tear gas, one of the protesters, 54-year-old cook Katherine Croquer, moved quickly away from the clashes.
"That happens and it hurts, but I feel more courageous, with more desire to continue protesting," said Ms Croquer, who added that her 24-year-old son was about to emigrate to Spain to try to find a better future.
Three opposition lawmakers were detained by police following the demonstration, the legislature said via Twitter.
A UN report released on Tuesday showed that almost five million people have fled the country's ongoing economic crisis since 2015.
Mr Guaido blames Mr Maduro for the crippling, five-year economic crisis that has mired the once rich oil-producing country in deepening poverty and soaring inflation.
Pro-Maduro supporters held a counter-demonstration, where they shouted anti-Guaido slogans and called him a "traitor" for enlisting the help of foreign governments to heap pressure on Mr Maduro's regime, particularly in the form of sanctions.
"Guaido has no chance at all!" said Ms Zenaida Gamboa, a 63-year-old retired teacher at the demonstration.
Top Socialist Party figure Diosdado Cabello downplayed the police action against Mr Guaido's march.
"They carried out acts of violence for a photo," he told his supporters.
"What they wanted was a photo, because they believe they can topple the revolutionary government with a selfie," he said.
Mr Guaido, who heads the opposition-controlled National Assembly, launched a movement to oust Mr Maduro last year, claiming the leftist had usurped power in rigged 2018 elections.
After declaring himself acting president, Mr Guaido quickly secured the backing of more than 50 countries and initially led street protests drawing tens of thousands of people.
But Mr Maduro weathered the protests and maintained control of the powerful armed forces, while Mr Guaido's popularity has waned.
Mr Guaido recently returned from a high-profile tour to drum up international support, meeting US President Donald Trump, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and French President Emmanuel Macron.
Plunging oil prices in world markets on Tuesday are the latest shock to the economy, which is almost entirely dependent on revenues from its declining, sanctions-battered oil industry.
"It's 30 years since prices fell like this, it's a tragedy," said Mr Guaido in reference to Monday's plunge that took almost one-third off the price of oil.
"They've been destroying the Venezuelan oil industry for years. They've destroyed two-thirds of the production capacity... they've destroyed the debt capacity."