UN Security Council creates mission to verify Colombia peace deal

President Juan Manuel Santos speaking during a presidential broadcasting in Bogota, Colombia, on Jan 25, 2016.
President Juan Manuel Santos speaking during a presidential broadcasting in Bogota, Colombia, on Jan 25, 2016. PHOTO: EPA

UNITED NATIONS (REUTERS) - The United Nations Security Council on Monday (Jan 25) approved the creation of a UN mission of unarmed international observers to monitor disarmament should Colombia's government and leftist Farc rebels reach a deal to end Latin America's longest war.

The 15-member council unanimously adopted a British-drafted resolution that would establish a political mission for 12 months "to monitor and verify the definitive bilateral ceasefire and cessation of hostilities, and the laying down of arms".

In a televised speech on Monday night, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said: "Today, Colombia is the synonym for hope in the world. The decision taken by the Security Council means that from now we are not alone - but that we go hand in hand with the UN, with the whole world - towards the end of this war," said Mr Santos, who staked his 2014 re-election on the peace talks with Farc.

Colombia's government and Farc jointly asked the Security Council to help monitor and verify rebel disarmament should the two sides reach a deal to end their 50-year-old war, which has killed 220,000 people and displaced millions, by a March 23 deadline.

"It is a commendable step forward from the government of Colombia and the Farc to voluntarily bring this issue to the United Nations. That's a rare occurrence," Britain's UN Ambassador Matthew Rycroft told reporters before the meeting.

The rebels' willingness to make the request jointly with the government is a sign of progress as the two sides aim to reach a comprehensive peace agreement. Mr Santos said last year he would make such an appeal to the United Nations.

"Colombia is now on the precipice of a historic achievement," US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power told the council.

"The Security Council shows that the United Nations stands with the Colombian people as they forge this new future."

The resolution asked UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon to present detailed recommendations for such a mission to the Security Council for consideration and approval within 30 days of the signing of a peace deal.