PARIS (AFP) - World leaders, stars of the pitch and screen and dozens of billionaires were among those named and shamed in what looks to be the biggest-ever leak of inside information in history.
Covering 40 years of e-mails, financial records and passport details, an investigation by more than 100 media groups shows how some of the world's most powerful people have secreted away their money in offshore jurisdictions.
Below are some of the main allegations made in Sunday's (April 3) release based on documents from Panama-based law firm Mossack Fonseca:
- Two leaders who have staked their reputations on pushing for transparency - Chinese President Xi Jinping and British Prime Minister David Cameron - have at some point had family links to offshore companies.
- The son of Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak owns two offshore companies.
- The world's best football player, Lionel Messi, and his father own a shell company, Mega Star Enterprises, previously unknown to Spanish investigators probing the Barcelona forward's tax affairs.
- The files also identify a convicted money launderer who claimed he'd arranged a US$50,000 illegal campaign contribution used to pay the Watergate burglars, 29 billionaires from Forbes' rich list, and martial arts film star Jackie Chan.
- Banks, companies and aides close to Russian President Vladimir Putin secretly shuffled as much as US$2 billion (S$2.7 billion) using offshore companies, gaining hidden influence in the country's media and automotive industries. The Kremlin has accused the ICIJ of launching a misleading "information attack".
- Iceland's Prime Minister Sigmundur David Gunnlaugsson and his wife used an offshore company, Wintris Inc., to hide millions of dollars of investments in three major banks during the financial crisis. He has denied any wrongdoing but faces a vote of no confidence this week.
- Several other world leaders, including the prime minister of Pakistan, the king of Saudi Arabia and the children of the president of Azerbaijan, also control offshore companies.
- Mossack Fonseca worked with at least 33 people and companies blacklisted by Washington because of business links to Mexican drug lords, terrorist organisations or rogue nations, including North Korea. One supplied fuel for planes the US alleges Syria's regime used to bomb its own citizens.
- The firm's customers include Ponzi schemers, drug kingpins, tax evaders and a US businessman convicted of travelling to Russia to have sex with underage orphans, who signed papers for an offshore company while in jail.
- Fifa's ethics committee member Juan Pedro Damiani had business ties with three men indicted in the corruption scandal engulfing football's governing body.
- Former Fifa vice-president Eugenio Figueredo, as well as Hugo Jinkis and his son, who are accused of paying bribes for broadcast rights in Latin America.
- Suspended Uefa chief Michel Platini, who is serving a six-year ban from football for over a US$2 million payment from Fifa president Sepp Blatter, turned to Mossack Fonseca to help him administer an offshore company created in Panama in 2007.
- More than 500 banks, their subsidiaries and branches have worked with Mossack Fonseca since the 1970s to help clients manage offshore companies. UBS set up more than 1,100, and HSBC and its affiliates created more than 2,300.