QUITO (AFP) - Ecuador reported Tuesday (Aug 18) that nearly half of the Chinese fishing boats that roam the Galapagos Islands have turned off their tracking systems, making it impossible to locate them.
The Ecuadorian Navy detected 149 ships that had turned off their transponders, a device that allows authorities to know where they are, defence minister Oswaldo Jarrin told a press conference.
Jarrin said the fleet, made up mostly of Chinese boats, has increased from 260 to 325 since mid-July, when their presence was announced near the exclusive economic zone of the Galapagos, whose wildlife is protected.
If the tracking systems are turned off," it is no longer possible to identify where they are, who they are or what their data or identification of origin is," the minister said.
Jarrin said the boats remain in international waters, and so far "no vessel or fishing boat has entered the exclusive economic zone" of the archipelago, a Unesco heritage site that inspired Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
The minister added, though, that turning off the satellite identification transponders is already a "violation."
After the presence of the fishing fleet became known in July, Ecuador voiced disquiet to China, leading to negotiations between the countries.
Beijing in early August banned its vessels from fishing near the Galapagos from September to November this year.
Ecuador in 2017 captured a Chinese-flagged boat carrying 300 tonnes of marine fauna, including an endangered shark species, within the Galapagos marine reserve.
A World Heritage site, the Galapagos has a 144,468 sq km marine reserve that protects all its species.
There is a 38,849 sq km sanctuary between Darwin and Wolf islands that is home to the largest shark population in the world.
The Galapagos, located 997km west of Ecuador, is a fragile ecosystem that harbours the largest number of different animal species on the planet.