Brazil deforestation up nearly 90% in June under President Bolsonaro

According to data from Brazil's space research agency, deforestation in the world's largest tropical rainforest totalled 920 square km (about 1.3 times the size of Singapore).
According to data from Brazil's space research agency, deforestation in the world's largest tropical rainforest totalled 920 square km (about 1.3 times the size of Singapore).PHOTO: REUTERS

BRASILIA (REUTERS) - Deforestation in Brazil's portion of the Amazon rainforest soared more than 88 per cent in June compared with the same month a year ago, the second consecutive month of rising forest destruction under new President Jair Bolsonaro, who has called for development of the region.

According to data from Brazil's space research agency, deforestation in the world's largest tropical rainforest totalled 920 sq km (about 1.3 times the size of Singapore).

The data showing an 88.4 per cent deforestation increase is preliminary but indicates the official annual figure, based on more detailed imaging and measured for the 12 months to the end of July, is well on track to surpass last year's figure.

In the first 11 months, deforestation already has reached 4,565 sq km, a 15 per cent increase over the same period in the previous year. That is an area larger than the US state of Rhode Island.

Environmentalists have warned that Mr Bolsonaro's strong remarks calling for the development of the Amazon and criticising the country's environmental enforcement agency Ibama for handing out too many fines would embolden loggers and ranchers seeking to profit from deforestation.

"Bolsonaro has aggravated the situation... He has made a strong rhetorical attack," said Mr Paulo Barreto, a researcher at Brazilian non-government organisation Imazon.

The new data coincides with more pressure on the government to protect the environment under the terms of the free-trade deal agreed between the European Union and South American bloc Mercosur last week. Brazil will take action if concerns about an increase in deforestation are confirmed, the agriculture minister said on Wednesday (July 3).

The rainy season through April appeared to have held off a spike in deforestation that subsequently came with the dry season starting in May.

Deforestation rose 34 per cent in May compared with the same month a year ago.

Mr Bolsonaro's office declined to comment, saying questions would be addressed by the Environment Ministry.

"We are adopting all measures to combat illegal deforestation," Environment Minister Ricardo Salles told Reuters. "This week, we had 17 enforcement teams simultaneously in all of the Amazon from Ibama."

 

Brazil is home to 60 per cent of the Amazon, which is the world's largest tropical rainforest which is seen as vital to the global fight against climate change.

Grains trader Cargill, the largest privately held US company, said last month that the food industry would not be able to meet a pledge to eliminate deforestation in their supply chains globally by 2020 and committed to do more to protect native environments in Brazil.

While the final text of the EU-Mercosur deal has not been released, an outline from the EU states the agreement includes a provision that the Paris Agreement on climate change must be effectively implemented along with other commitments to fight deforestation.

French President Emmanuel Macron warned last week that he would not sign off on the deal if Brazil leaves the Paris accord. Mr Bolsonaro met Mr Macron at last week's Group of 20 summit and reassured him Brazil would stay in the Paris Agreement.

Greenpeace forest strategist Paulo Adario said "all indications" are that deforestation will worsen under Mr Bolsonaro, but he hopes news of a large increase will put pressure on the government to take action.

"When they have the final numbers, if it is really a lot, this will be a nightmare for Bolsonaro," Mr Adario said. "This is something that is really important from an international and Brazilian point of view because the Amazon is an icon."