MEXICO CITY (AP) - Mexican police found nine bodies hanging from an overpass on Thursday (Aug 8) alongside a drug cartel banner threatening rivals, and seven more corpses hacked up and dumped by the road nearby. Just down the road were three more bodies, for a total of 19.
The killing spree reported by prosecutors in the western state of Michoacan marked a return to the grisly massacres carried out by drug cartels at the height of Mexico's 2006-2012 drug war, when piles of bodies were dumped on roadways as a message to authorities and rival gangs.
Two of the bodies hung by ropes from the overpass by their necks, half naked, were women, as was one of the dismembered bodies found in the city of Uruapan, Michoacan Attorney-General Adrian Lopez Solis said at a news conference.
The victims had been shot to death.
Some were hung with their hands bound, some with their pants pulled down.
While the banner was not completely legible, it bore the initials of the notoriously violent Jalisco drug cartel, and mentioned the Viagras, a rival gang.
"Be a patriot, kill a Viagra," the banner read in part.
"This kind of public, theatrical violence, where you don't just kill, but you brag about killing, is meant to intimidate rivals and send a message to the authorities," said Mexico security analyst Alejandro Hope.
"This kind of cynical impunity has been increasing in Michoacan," Hope added.
In one particularly brazen attack in May, a convoy of pickups and SUVs openly marked with the letters "CJNG" - the Spanish initials of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel - drove through the city of Zamora, Michoacan, at night, shooting up police vehicles and killing or wounding several officers.
The state attorney-general said the killings discovered on Thursday appeared to be part of a turf war.
"Certain criminal gangs are fighting over territory, to control activities related to drug production distribution and consumption," Lopez Solis said.
"Unfortunately, this conflict results in these kinds of acts that justifiably alarm the public."
For years, Mexican cartels had seemed loath to draw attention to themselves with mass public displays of bodies. Instead, the gangs went to great lengths to hide bodies, by creating clandestine burial pits or dissolving corpses in caustic chemicals.
But the Jalisco gang, which has gained a reputation for directly challenging authorities, appears to have returned to showy killings as a way to intimidate rivals.
In 2011, the then-smaller Jalisco cartel dumped 35 bodies on an expressway in the Gulf coast state of Veracruz. In 2012, the Zetas drug cartel dumped 49 decapitated bodies on a highway in northern Mexico, and that same year they strung nine bodies from an overpass and left 14 severed heads near the city hall.
Meanwhile, in another part of Mexico, an angry crowd beat and hung five suspected kidnappers, leaving some of their bodies dangling from trees.
The suspects had been detained by about 180 villagers in the central state of Puebla. The state government said police and soldiers were sent to the area to try to stop the attack, but villagers from the hamlets of Tepexco and Cohuecan wouldn't let them.
When homicides dropped for a few years between 2012 and 2015, many thought Mexico's drug war was winding down.
But homicides surged again last year and Mexico now has more murders than it did during the peak year of killings in 2011.
In the first half of 2019, Mexico set a record for homicides, with 17,608, up 5.3 per cent compared to the same period of 2018. The country of almost 125 million now sees as many as 100 killings a day nationwide.