Spotted: Rare black leopard in Africa

Images of a rare African black leopard, known as panthers, have been captured in Kenya, the first verifiable record of the animal for nearly 100 years, according to researchers.
Camera traps have captured rare footage of a melanistic leopard, otherwise known as black panther, in Kenya, say scientists from the San Diego Zoo.
Camera traps have captured rare footage of a melanistic leopard, otherwise known as black panther, in Kenya, say scientists from the San Diego Zoo.PHOTO: REUTERS

Photos are first scientific confirmation in a century of the melanistic big cat on continent

NAIROBI • Whispers of sightings of the elusive black leopard have long swirled around central Kenya, and scientists have now confirmed its presence there with a series of rare images taken by camera traps.

The images were captured by researchers from the San Diego Zoo who have been studying leopards in the Loisaba wildlife conservancy, and an independent photographer working in the region.

"We are very excited to hear that these camera traps have captured rare footage of melanistic leopards, otherwise known as black panthers!" the conservancy said on its website.

Melanism is a genetic mutation like albinism, except it leads to a surplus in pigment that turns the fur or skin of an animal black.

The study, led by the zoo's Dr Nicholas Pilfold and published in the African Journal of Ecology in January, said the photos represent the first scientific confirmation in a century of the black leopard's presence in Africa.

The last confirmed report was a photo taken in Addis Ababa in 1909 that is stored in the Museum of National History in the United States.

In Kenya, a captive black leopard was photographed in 2013 while other images taken from a helicopter circulated in 2018. However, the latest photos represent the first recorded scientific evidence.

Dr Pilford said that after receiving numerous reports of sightings of the leopard, his team set up eight camera traps last February, and within three months had snapped a sub-adult female.

He estimates there are "definitely two, possibly three" in the region, adding that only 11 per cent of leopards across the globe are black.

"By far, these are the best, most intimate images we have of a black leopard in Africa."

Any big cat species with melanism is referred to as a black panther, such as black leopards in Asia and Africa and black jaguars in the Americas.

Dr Pilford's team worked in parallel with photographer Will Burrard-Lucas, who used his personally-designed Camtraptions (camera trap) to capture images of the same leopards in the region, and released them alongside the study.

The irony of the scientific paper coming out not long after the 2018 box office success of Marvel's Black Panther, based on the fictional African nation of Wakanda - which is said to border Kenya - was not lost on Kenya's Twittersphere.

Even actress Lupita Nyong'o - who hails from Kenya and starred in the movie - hailed the "unreal" sighting on Twitter.

And Dr Pilford said: "I find the coincidence to be kind of unique. I looked up where Wakanda is and (how) the Marvel comic universe is drawn, it is not that far away from our study area."


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on February 15, 2019, with the headline 'Spotted: Rare black leopard in Africa'. Print Edition | Subscribe