NAIROBI (AFP) - Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta set fire on Saturday (April 30) to the world's biggest ivory bonfire, after demanding a total ban on trade in tusks and horns to end "murderous" trafficking and prevent the extinction of elephants in the wild.
"The height of the pile of ivory before us marks the strength of our resolve," Mr Kenyatta said, before setting fire to the pyres.
"No one, and I repeat, no one, has any business in trading in ivory, for this trade means death of our elephants and death of our natural heritage."
Eleven giant pyres of tusks, and another of rhino horns, are arranged in a semi-circle now expected to burn for days in Nairobi's national park.
Huge white clouds of smoke spiralled high into the sky, with thousands of litres of diesel and kerosene injected though steel pipes buried in the ground leading into the heart of the pyramids to fuel the blaze.
President Ali Bongo from Gabon, who lit one of the pyres, spoke of the "massacre" of forest elephants in central Africa, and said he backed moves to close all sale of ivory.
"Unless we take action now we risk losing this magnificent animal," Mr Bongo said at the ceremony, telling poachers he was "going to put you out of business, so the best thing you can do is to go into retirement now".
Africa is home to between 450,000 and 500,000 elephants, but more than 30,000 are killed every year on the continent to satisfy demand for ivory in Asia, where raw tusks sell for around US$1,000 (S$1,345) a kilo.
The pyres contain some 16,000 tusks and pieces of ivory.
Kenya has a long history of ivory burnings, spearheading a wider movement of public demonstrations across the world, but nothing on this scale before.
On the black market, such a quantity of ivory could sell for over US$100 million, and the rhino horn could raise as much as US$80 million.
Rhino horn can fetch as much as US$60,000 per kilo - more than gold or cocaine.
But Mr Kenyatta dismissed those who put cash value on the ivory.
"For us, ivory is worthless unless it is on our elephants," Mr Kenyatta said.