Japanese lensmaker Sigma has released several fast prime lenses recently. One of them is the 40mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art, available for Sigma, Sony E-mount, Nikon F-mount and Canon EF-mount (version tested) interchangeable lens cameras.
Given that Sigma's stable already includes the 35mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art and 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art, you might wonder why there was a need to release a 40mm lens.
Apparently, the 40mm focal length is popular with many filmmakers, including Quentin Tarantino, Francis Ford Coppola and Wes Anderson. Sigma released this lens to cater to their needs.
The lens has 16 glass elements - including three F Low Dispersion and three Special Low Dispersion glass elements - arranged in 12 groups. This design is said to help minimise chromatic aberration, flare and ghosting, as well as reduce distortions to less than 1 per cent.
Users can also expect the bokeh, or out-of-focus areas, to be beautiful due to the use of nine aperture blades in a rounded diaphragm design.
The lens structure is said to be resistant to dust and water splashes. Plus, there is a water-and oil-repellent coating on the front lens element for shooting in challenging conditions.
PRICE: $1,788 (Canon-mount, version tested; Nikon-mount; Sigma-mount, Sony E-mount)
MAXIMUM APERTURE: f/1.4
MINIMUM APERTURE: f/16
MINIMUM FOCUSING DISTANCE: 40cm
VALUE FOR MONEY: 4.5/5
When I first hold the lens, I am struck by how big and heavy it is. It is bigger than most wide-angle zoom lenses and weighs a whopping 1.2kg. By comparison, my eight-year-old Canon EOS 7D weighs 860g without a lens.
For this review, I use theEOS 7D to test the lens' autofocusing (AF) speed and Sony's 42.4-megapixel a7R II (using Sigma's MC-11 E-mount converter) to test the lens' optical quality with high-resolution still images.
The AF is not exactly fast, but not slow either. It takes less than one second to lock a focus with the 7D in dim lighting. With the a7R II, the lens takes about two seconds to secure a focus in dim lighting, even during video recording. The biggest bugbear, though, is that I can clearly hear the AF motor working during video recording, regardless of the camera I used.
Chromatic aberrations and glares are well controlled throughout the aperture range. And I do not notice any distortion during this review.
Overall, this is one amazing prime lens. In fact, it is easily one of the sharpest lenses I have tested.
Images might be a tad soft when the aperture is set at the maximum f/1.4. But this is to be expected when the aperture is so huge. There is also clear vignetting at f/1.4. But the bokeh looks fantastic.
If you want really sharp images with nice bokeh, shoot at f/2 with this lens. It is a nice compromise between sharpness and pleasant bokeh.
Centre sharpness is excellent from f/2 to the minimum aperture size. Edge sharpness is visibly softer from f/1.4 to f/2, but becomes much sharper at f/2.8 and remains consistent from f/2.8 to f/16.
Vignetting becomes less of an issue when the aperture is stopped down to f/2.8. But there are some who prefer the vignetting effect, so it is down to personal preference.
• Verdict: The Sigma 40mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art is easily one of the best prime lenses in the market.