SINGAPORE - The maritime sector has struggled to attract and retain talent for many years, and addressing it will require collaboration among stakeholders and retraining of experienced staff, said Senior Minister of State for Transport Janil Puthucheary on Tuesday (April 9).
Dr Janil, who noted the manpower crunch applies to both seafaring and shore-based jobs, said: "Singapore is very used to looking at manpower as a significant constraint on economic growth.
"But if we can get the management and interventions correct, it becomes a competitive advantage."
He was speaking at the opening ceremony of the Sea Asia 2019 at the Sands Expo and Convention Centre.
The three-day event, with debates and discussions, is to future-proof maritime leaders amid changes in technology as well as regulations.
Dr Janil said one key manpower challenge for maritime companies is retraining their existing workforce to take advantage of digital technologies.
"The kids that are coming through our education system will be ready to make use of these technologies," he said.
"But what we need to look at is the older workers, the mature workers who are really very experienced. They have domain knowledge, they have industry expertise but they need new skills to take advantage of digital technologies to make them more effective in the future."
He also said the authorities will continue to partner key stakeholders, such as the labour movement and institutes of higher learning, to attract new talent and improve the skills of existing workers.
One such initiative is the Maritime Cluster Fund Manpower Development Programme, which is administered by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore. The fund helps to support training for more than 5,000 people each year.
Dr Janil noted that manpower issues, alongside the impact of digitalisation and tighter environmental regulations, are the three key challenges facing the maritime industry.
"All three of these things are not things we can solve on our own, we have to have collaboration, we have to have international partnerships," he added.
"A forum like today's is an opportunity to bring the world to Singapore, and let Singapore see what the world is doing so that we can solve these challenges together."
In terms of digitalisation, Dr Janil said it has disrupted the industry, but it can also spur the next wave of growth opportunities.
For the drive towards cleaner energy, he said this would increase costs, but Singapore has braced itself to adapt.
On the compulsory use of compliant low sulphur fuel oil coming into place next year, Dr Janil said: "We are prepared for this implementation in Singapore and we hope to ensure minimal disruption to the industry.