SINGAPORE - From 2027, more than 80 Housing Board blocks in Jurong and Yishun will be able to conserve more water, with the installation of rainwater harvesting systems at these estates.
This is the first time existing housing estates will have rainwater harvesting facilities, which have been installed in new Build-to-Order (BTO) housing estates since 2018 under the Housing Board's UrbanWater Harvesting System initiative.
HDB estimates that about 15 UrbanWater Harvesting Systems will be installed across 89 blocks in the two towns. The rainwater collected can be used to wash common areas and water plants in the estates, among other non-potable uses.
The 15 systems can potentially save about 17,500 cubic m of water per year, which is equivalent to the average amount of potable water used in more than 85 four-room HDB flats in a year.
Beyond conserving water, rainwater collected by the system can mitigate flash floods at neighbourhoods and estates during a deluge, as it slows down the rate of storm water discharge into the drainage system.
HDB called a tender on Monday (March 28) for the installation of the systems at the two towns. The tender will close on May 20.
Construction of the systems is expected to start next year and finish in 2027.
Within each harvesting facility, rainwater run-off around multiple residential blocks will be discharged into the estate’s surrounding drainage system, and then channelled into the facility’s harvesting and detention tank.
The water collected from one system can serve the non-potable water needs of 12 residential blocks and the reused water can save up to 50 per cent of water at those blocks.
The projects at Jurong and Yishun will be considered a pilot, since retrofitting the system within existing estates is more challenging, said HDB in a statement.
This is because suitable locations for the systems need to be identified, as there are other older and essential infrastructure that would already be in place underground. The flow of rainwater within the area will also need to be analysed.
It is easier to implement rainwater harvesting in new BTO projects because the system's infrastructure can be planned and designed upfront to ensure it is located where the most amount of rainwater can be collected, explained HDB.
The pilot in Yishun and Jurong will be used to assess how the system can be used in existing estates, and guide the extent of potential scale-ups in the future.
Blocks 201 to 216 in Yishun Avenue 2 and Blocks 329 to 341 in Jurong East Avenue 1 are some of the areas where the system will be introduced.
"HDB will study the cost-effectiveness of the system in reducing potable water consumption and mitigating flood risks in existing HDB estates, before deciding on the extent of future scale-up to other suitable estates," said HDB.
HDB chief executive Tan Meng Dui said: "With the vast majority of our residents staying in existing estates, we have taken a further step to pilot the (UrbanWater Harvesting) System in existing HDB estates.
"While such brownfield developments will be more challenging to implement... the extension of the (system) to existing estates will help to level up the sustainability provisions of our existing estates, and bring the benefits of green and sustainable living to more residents and towns."
The system is a key tenet of the 10-year HDB Green Towns Programme, which aims to make existing towns more environmentally sustainable and liveable by cooling them, reducing energy consumption and recycling rainwater.
This upcoming edition will cover HDB blocks under Sembawang, Tampines, and Tanjong Pagar, including 40 schools and two fire stations.
To date, 2,700 HDB blocks have been installed with solar panels under the programme.
The sixth tender was jointly awarded to engineering contractor firm Digo Corporation and solar energy firm Terrenus Energy.
Installation of the solar panels and photovoltaic systems - with a total capacity of 70 megawatt-peak (MWp) - is expected to begin in the third quarter of this year and finish by early 2025.
To date, HDB has called seven tenders under the SolarNova programme, with the last one called last month. The programme's target is to reach a solar capacity of 540 megawatt-peak by 2030.
The seven tenders have committed 380MWp, equivalent to powering 95,000 four-room flats.
Upcoming initiatives under the HDB Green Towns Programme were unveiled during the Budget debate in Parliament earlier this month.
They include more e-waste recycling bins and electric vehicle charging points within HDB estates, and the use of light emitting surfaces for block signages.