SINGAPORE - Singapore has fallen 12 spots to 15th place in a ranking of the world's best cities for university students.
Last year the London-based educational consultancy Quacuarelli Symonds (QS) ranked the Republic third in the world and the best in Asia.
However when it released this year's table this morning it had plummeted, which QS said was due to adjustments made to some factors.
Cities were given scores across five categories for 18 measures, including four new ones that looked at their level of pollution, safety, transparency and tolerance.
Existing indicators included affordability and employability.
The annual Best Student Cities Ranking assesses how attractive they are as destinations for local and international students to pursue higher education.
Each city had to have a population of more than 250,000 and at least two institutions ranked in the QS world university tables.
This year, 116 cities qualified, and 50 were ranked.
Paris retained its top position, followed by Melbourne, London and Sydney. Hong Kong was the best Asian city in fifth place. Tokyo and Seoul were ranked seventh and 10th respectively.