SINGAPORE - Commuters should see public transport service standards rising in the coming years as the Government continues to invest in buses and trains. But they can also expect fares to creep up as well.
During a debate on his ministry's Budget on Wednesday (March 7), Transport Minister Khaw Boon Wan said: "The investments we are making to improve the transport system are huge."
He said his ministry's budget is now the second largest among ministries, after the Defence Ministry, and ahead of the Health, National Development and Education ministries.
"Over the next five years, we will provide subsidies of about $5 billion for public bus services and $4 billion to renew our rail operating assets," Mr Khaw said. "Another $20 billion will be invested in infrastructure to further expand the public transport network."
As a result of these investments, service standards will improve. For instance, the bus contracting model had already resulted in an additional capacity for more than 100 bus services.
Mr Khaw also noted that rail reliability has improved significantly, with the North-South MRT line clocking more than 600,000km before a fault occurs, for January and February this year.
This is nearly double the standard the line - which had just had its signalling system upgraded - achieved last year.
These improvements to public transport services have increased operating costs by about 60 per cent.
This huge cost increase has been borne by the Government and going forward, commuters are likely to have to share in the cost rise, added Mr Khaw.
"Our transport fares are affordable," he said. "To measure affordability, we track the percentage of income that lower income Singaporeans spend on public transport."
"While transport fares must be affordable, we must be careful that they are not priced too cheaply, as maintaining a high quality transport system requires resources," he noted. "Cheap fares are popular, but they are not sustainable."
Mr Khaw said the Public Transport Council is currently reviewing the fare formula as the "current formula is inadequate".
"It can be improved to better track total costs," he said. "I am confident that they can work out a fair and sustainable arrangement."