Why the world needs nuclear Deterrence 3.0

With growing power rivalries and new technology, old instruments of US-Soviet arms control and non-proliferation no longer work

Old arms control agreements are under strain, and some are effectively dead, which is why the world needs Deterrence 3.0, says the author.PHOTO: X02762

When US President Donald Trump leaves office and President-elect Joe Biden takes over next week, humanity should breathe a huge sigh of relief.

Mr Trump is the only recent president to threaten the use of nuclear weapons. In August 2017, he warned North Korea: "They will be met with fire and fury like the world has never seen…"

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