East Asia Watch: The dragon and the Himalayas

China has ambitions to breach the great geographical barrier via road and rail projects, the most recent with Nepal - mountains and India stand in its way

Geography is destiny. The notion that geography is immutable and sets constraints on national strategies is central to modern geopolitical thinking. China is testing that proposition.

The Great Himalayas that separate China from the Indian subcontinent have long been a difficult barrier to cross. But China's economic corridors now under development are trying to breach it.

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A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on October 29, 2019, with the headline 'The dragon and the Himalayas'. Print Edition | Subscribe