Rubbing the raw edges of race

President Donald Trump signing a proclamation for Martin Luther King Jr Day in the White House on Friday. The event marking the King holiday was planned long before the uproar over Mr Trump's latest comments, but it put the stigma that his words have
President Donald Trump signing a proclamation for Martin Luther King Jr Day in the White House on Friday. The event marking the King holiday was planned long before the uproar over Mr Trump's latest comments, but it put the stigma that his words have caused in stark relief.PHOTO: BLOOMBERG

Trump embroiled in another charged episode in a presidency playing out along racial fault lines

As he signed a proclamation marking the upcoming holiday honouring the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr, US President Donald Trump on Friday recalled the civil rights leader's message that "no matter what the colour of our skin or the place of our birth, we are created equal by God". Then came the questions from reporters.

"Mr President, are you a racist?" He did not answer and instead headed for the door. It is a question many were asking after the latest charged episode in a presidency that has played out along the nation's racial fault lines from its beginning. Mr Trump's comment to lawmakers that the United States should accept more immigrants from places like Norway instead of from Haiti or "s***hole countries" in Africa did not sound consistent with the notion that all people are equal no matter the place of their birth or the colour of their skin.

If it were a one-time comment, an inadvertent insensitivity, it would still have stirred a firestorm. But Mr Trump has said so many things on so many occasions that have rubbed the raw edges of race in America that they have raised the larger issue. A country tainted at its founding by slavery and struggling with that legacy ever since is now led by a chief executive who, intentionally or not, has fanned, rather than doused, the fires that divide white, black and brown.

The US President's approach to race has by many accounts damaged America's standing in the world and complicated his foreign policy. At home, his words have at times emboldened what was once a political fringe and made it more acceptable to express thoughts that in recent decades had been deemed politically offensive. And he has put the Republican Party in the uncomfortable position of having to defend or denounce him as it heads into an already tough election year.

"Is the President racist? I would say unequivocally yes to that," said Emory University professor George Yancy and the author of On Race: 34 Conversations In A Time Of Crisis. "Had he said one thing one time, we might say that was a slip of the tongue or it's an example of unconscious racial bias or it was a mistake," he added. "But I don't think this is a case of unconscious racial bias. I think this is a case of unabashed white supremacist ideas."

White supremacists agreed. Mr Richard Spencer, the white nationalist leader, said on Friday that conservatives defending Mr Trump on Fox News should stop saying it was about economics and legal systems, rather than race. "It's obviously all about race, and to their credit, liberals point out the obvious," he said.

The Daily Stormer, a neo-Nazi website, likewise welcomed Mr Trump's comments. "This is encouraging and refreshing, as it indicates Trump is more or less on the same page as us with regards to race and immigration," the site said.

UNCONSCIOUS RACIAL BIAS? NOT LIKELY

Had he said one thing one time, we might say that was a slip of the tongue or it's an example of unconscious racial bias or it was a mistake. But I don't think this is a case of unconscious racial bias. I think this is a case of unabashed white supremacist ideas.

EMORY UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR GEORGE YANCY, on President Donald Trump's controversial remarks on immigrants from Haiti or "s***hole countries" in Africa.

The White House rejected assertions that Mr Trump is a racist. "This President fights tirelessly for all Americans, regardless of race, religion, gender or background," said Mr Raj Shah, a White House spokesman. "Any suggestion otherwise is simply insulting and belies all the results he's delivered for minorities throughout this country." Mr Shah cited record-low unemployment among African-Americans - the culmination of a downward trend that began in 2011 under President Barack Obama - as well as policies intended to reduce crime and drugs and promote school choice in inner cities.

Mr Trump's aides and allies expressed frustration that his comments were being interpreted through a racial prism. He is an equal opportunity provocateur, they said, given to using strong and politically incorrect language to make larger points. In this case, they said, he was arguing that the US should set priorities for who it admits based on merit and skills that would benefit the country.

"Apart from the vocabulary attributed to him, President Trump is right on target in his sentiment," Mr Robert Jeffress, the evangelical pastor of First Baptist Church of Dallas and a presidential adviser, told CBN News. "As individual Christians, we have a biblical responsibility to place the needs of others above our own, but as commander-in-chief, President Trump has the constitutional responsibility to place the interests of our nation above the needs of other countries." Mr Trump tried to appeal to African-Americans during the 2016 presidential campaign by arguing that, since their neighbourhoods were "war zones" and Democrats took them for granted, "what the hell do you have to lose" by giving him a chance. He ended up winning just 8 per cent of the African-American vote, and polls show that his already meagre support among blacks has fallen by half since he took office.

Mr Trump's history of racially inflammatory episodes traces back to his first days in the public eye. As a young real estate businessman, Mr Trump and his family firm were sued by the Justice Department in 1973 for discriminating against black applicants for rental apartments. He eventually signed a consent decree requiring him to desegregate his properties, although he claimed victory because it included no financial penalty.

As he became more of a public figure, Mr Trump waded into racially charged controversies that periodically erupted in New York. After five Latino and African-American teenagers were charged with beating and raping a jogger in Central Park in 1989, he took out full-page ads in four New York newspapers calling for the death penalty. The Central Park Five, as they were called, were later exonerated, but Mr Trump has never accepted that outcome. As late as 2016, he insisted they were still guilty.

While Mr Obama was in office, Mr Trump was a leader of the "birther movement", promoting the conspiracy theory that Mr Obama had been born in Kenya, a false claim he did not abandon until 2016. During the campaign, Mr Trump also generated criticism for describing unauthorised immigrants from Mexico as "rapists"; proposing to ban all Muslims from entering the US; and being slow to disavow the support of former Ku Klux Klansman David Duke.

Since taking office, Mr Trump has asserted that there were good people on both sides of a white supremacist rally and counterprotest in Charlottesville, Virginia, and repeatedly lashed out at black football players he deemed insufficiently patriotic for kneeling during the national anthem to protest against racial injustice.

In a closed-door meeting on immigration with advisers in June, described last month in NYTimes, Mr Trump complained that Haitians "all have Aids" and that Nigerians who visit would never want to "go back to their huts" in Africa.

People close to Mr Trump have long insisted that he is not racist and that his often crude language is applied across the board. Former "Apprentice" contestant Omarosa Manigault Newman, one of the few African-Americans on his senior staff until her departure last month, bemoaned various racially charged moments during his administration but insisted that "he is not a racist".

Ms Katrina Pierson, a spokesman for Mr Trump's campaign who now works for America First Action, a pro-Trump super PAC (political action committee), said that as an African-American she found him to be colour-blind and empowering. The criticism of his words and actions, she said, owed more to partisanship.

"If you're on the left, then everything he says or does, you're going to find a racist or sexist tone to it, period," she said on Friday. "Even if you're on the right but you're an establishment person that is used to a politically correct way of doing things, you might cringe when he says something that's not politically correct. He says things people say at their dinner table. He's just very bold and very honest, and a lot of people have been conditioned not to deal with people that way." She said critics forgot that when he was in business, he supported the Rev Jesse Jackson's Rainbow/PUSH Coalition. Indeed, Mr Trump donated free office space for Rev Jackson's civil rights group.

But Rev Jackson was among those who spoke out on Friday against Mr Trump: "He speaks like a racist. He conjures up those fears. But to categorise him by a name does not quite address the issue." Rev Jackson concluded: "A misinformed man with power is a weapon of mass destruction."

Critics and scholars said Mr Trump's remarks reflected a long-standing stereotyping of minorities and immigrants and have given permission to others who used to hide such views.

"I'm pretty sure that many of the same people he insults and degrades maintain the buildings, sew the clothes, and are at the backbone of the businesses that he and his family depend on for their wealth," said associate professor of history and African-American studies Marcia Chatelain at Georgetown University.

The event marking the King holiday that Mr Trump held on Friday was planned long before the uproar over the President's latest comments, but it put the stigma that his words have caused in stark relief.

"When reporters shout out to Mr Trump 'are you a racist' at an event to honour the legacy of Dr Martin Luther King, something is amiss," said Mr Ron Christie, who wrote a book about his time as an African-American adviser in President George W. Bush's White House. "That the President needs to confront questions of racism or bias tells you that this isn't fake news but a painful reality he must immediately confront."

Mr Trump made no mention of the anger touched off by reports of his remarks when he signed the holiday proclamation. He was accompanied by Mr Isaac Newton Farris Jr, Dr King's nephew, and US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Ben Carson, the most prominent African-American in the Trump administration.

He stared down at his prepared statement and stuck tightly to it, calling Dr King an "American hero" who "opened the eyes and lifted the conscience of our nation".

Mr Carson and Mr Farris offered brief comments that likewise did not address the controversy.

Mr Carson's office later e-mailed a statement from him saying that Mr Trump "has always been respectful of my background, my ideas, and me as a person", and that in group settings "he has always been respectful, welcoming, and inclusive".

As Mr Farris left the White House, he paused to respond to the question that Mr Trump did not. "I think President Trump is racially ignorant and racially uninformed," he told CNN. "But I don't think he is a racist in the traditional sense." Mr Trump's comments, he added, were "another example of him speaking without knowing the facts".

NYTIMES

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Sunday Times on January 14, 2018, with the headline 'Rubbing the raw edges of race'. Print Edition | Subscribe