Drop middle-class judgment of low-income parenting

The economic realities poorer parents face call for empathy, better support and institutional change

As long as society is stratified, high SES parents will intensify their efforts to improve future opportunities for their children.PHOTO: ST FILE

Tuition. Swimming lessons. Music class.

Parent volunteer work to improve their children's chances of gaining admission to a preferred school. Getting coaches to improve the children's sports calibre. These are common parenting strategies for those with middle or high socio-economic status (SES).

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