In spite of the apparent defeat and decline of Al-Qaeda and ISIS in the Middle East, violent extremism linked to the two terrorist organisations continues to pose an ideological and security threat to South-east Asia.
As the recent Singapore Terrorism Threat Assessment Report compiled by the Singapore Government indicates, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), following the "demise of its so-called caliphate", has "re-envisioned the caliphate as an overarching global state rather than one territorially confined to Iraq and Syria".
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