GENEVA • Top chef Benoit Violier, whose three-star restaurant in a small Swiss town is seen as the world's best, was found dead in his home on Sunday in an apparent suicide, police said.
News of the 44-year-old's death, just months after his Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville was crowned the "world's best restaurant" by an exclusive ranking, sparked a wave of sadness as contemporaries extolled the French-Swiss chef's talents.
"Late in the afternoon, police... went to Crissier, where they discovered at his home the body of Mr Benoit Violier," Swiss police said in a statement, adding that it appeared he had shot himself.
Crissier, near the south-western Swiss city of Lausanne, is home to Violier's restaurant.
Police said an investigation had been opened into the death.
The statement added that Violier's family had asked for privacy "to be allowed to mourn in peace".
Restaurant de l'Hotel de Ville, which boasts three Michelin stars, was last December named the best of 1,000 top eateries across 48 countries, ranked by France's La Liste.
The gastronomic guide is the French foreign ministry's answer to the Britain-based World's 50 Best Restaurants.
Celebrating the accolade, Violier said at the time: "It's wonderful, it's exceptional for us. This ranking will only motivate our team more."
He took over the reins at the restaurant with his wife Brigitte in 2012, following the retirement of his mentor Philippe Rochat, another towering figure in French cuisine. Rochat died after falling ill while cycling last year.
Opened nearly 40 years ago, the restaurant offers menus ranging from 195 Swiss francs (S$271) to 380 Swiss francs.
Born in the French coastal city of La Rochelle into a family of winemakers, his career went from strength to strength over the years and he was named Chef of the Year in 2013 by the influential Gault & Millau guide, second only to the Michelin guide among gourmets.
Known as a keen hunter, game was a mainstay in his signature dishes and he was known for using local, seasonal products. He obtained Swiss nationality two years ago, according to Swiss daily Blick.
Michelin-starred French chef Pierre Gagnaire was one of many of Violier's peers who expressed their shock at his death late on Sunday. "My thoughts go out to Benoit Violier's family. Very sad news about an extremely talented chef," he wrote on Twitter.
Paul Bocuse, dubbed the "pope" of French cuisine, described Violier on Twitter as a "great chef, great man, huge talent". Fellow star chef Jean Francois Piege, also of France, tweeted: "An immense chef, an immense sadness, thoughts go out to his family and his team."
Violier leaves behind his wife and a young son. His death was not, however, the first suicide of a renowned French chef in recent years.
Well-known French chef Bernard Loiseau apparently committed suicide in 2003 after the Gault & Millau guide lowered his restaurant's rating.
Other chefs have closed their restaurants, citing high levels of pressure. Four Michelin three-star chefs closed their restaurants from 1996 to 2008.