(NYTIMES) - When it comes to pork, I'll happily eat the ears. I'll linger over the liver, fricassee the feet, chomp on the chops. I'd even figure out how to cook the oink if I could get my hands on it.
The only cut that has ever left me cold is the tenderloin.
A thin, lean muscle that runs along the central spine of the pig, its name reflects its reputation as one of the most tender cuts of the animal.
But that's only if you don't overcook it.
PORK TENDERLOIN STUFFED WITH HERBS AND CAPERS
800g pork tenderloin
1 tsp kosher salt, more to taste
½ tsp ground black pepper
3 Tbs extra-virgin olive oil
4 shallots, minced
2½ Tbs minced capers, plus a splash of their liquid
2½ tsp chopped sage
1½ tsp chopped rosemary
1½ tsp chopped thyme, more for serving
1 garlic clove, finely grated or minced
1 Tbs dry white wine or vermouth (or use more stock)
¼ cup freshly squeezed orange juice
¼ cup pork, chicken or other meat stock
1 to 2 Tbs butter
Squeeze of fresh lemon juice (optional)
1. Heat oven to 190 degrees Celsius. Slice pork tenderloin lengthwise to butterfly it, but don’t quite slice all the way through: The two pieces should remain attached. Season with salt and pepper, then let sit while you prepare filling.
2. In a large, oven-safe skillet, heat 2 tablespoons oil over medium-high heat. Stir in shallots, ½ tablespoon capers, 2 teaspoons sage, 1 teaspoon rosemary, 1 teaspoon thyme and salt and pepper to taste. Stirring frequently, cook until shallots start to brown, about five minutes, then stir in garlic and cook until fragrant, about one minute. (Adjust heat if necessary to prevent burning.) Transfer to a plate to cool slightly. Wipe out skillet and reserve.
3. Spread cooled filling evenly on pork, then close pork, along the hinge, like a book. Then fold the thinner end up against the thicker portion so that pork is the same width all over. Tie with kitchen twine at 4cm intervals.
4. In the same skillet, heat remaining 1 tablespoon oil over medium heat until oil is hot but not smoking. Place tenderloin seam-side up in the skillet, then transfer to oven and roast for 15 minutes. Flip pork over and continue roasting until meat reaches 60 degrees Celsius in the centre, about 10 minutes longer. Transfer meat to a cutting board to rest; reserve skillet and juices.
5. While the meat rests, make the sauce: Heat skillet over medium-high heat, then stir in vermouth and the remaining ½ teaspoon each sage, rosemary and thyme, scraping up the browned bits on bottom of pan. Cook until vermouth is almost evaporated, then add orange juice and stock, and cook over medium-high heat until thickened and syrupy. Whisk in remaining 2 tablespoons capers, their liquid and the butter; season with salt and pepper to taste. If the sauce tastes too sweet, add a squeeze of lemon juice.
6. To serve, slice pork into 1.2cm-thick slices and top with sauce and fresh thyme.
And To Drink ...
With this zesty, herbal tenderloin roast, my first choice would be a riesling.
While almost any riesling in the range of dry to moderately sweet will go well, this dish also presents an opportunity to drink a really good riesling, like one from a top vineyard in the Wachau region of Austria; a balanced, dry riesling from Alsace or Germany; or, if you don’t fear sweetness, a spatlese riesling from the Mosel or Nahe regions of Germany.
Other white options? A chenin blanc from Savennieres or Saumur-Champigny would go brilliantly, as would a Chablis or a Sancerre.
For a red, I would try something fairly light: a straightforward Valpolicella, a cru Beaujolais or a village Burgundy. – ERIC ASIMOV
The cut contains very little fat, so overcooking can happen in the mere seconds it takes to dig your meat thermometer out of the drawer, turning a potentially juicy piece of pork into something dry and tough.
For years I avoided the tenderloin, choosing the fattier options.
But at a friend's suggestion, I recently gave it another go. After all, pork tenderloin is easy to find and fast to cook, making it extremely weeknight friendly. My goal was to come up with a surefire recipe that helps preserve the moisture of the meat.
One solution is to stuff the meat with something that will keep its moisture and zip up its inherently mild character. A pungent mix of shallots, capers and herbs accomplishes both.
The best way to stuff a pork tenderloin is to butterfly it - that is, cut it in half lengthwise, but not quite all the way through, keeping the two pieces attached so you can open the cut like a book. This gives you maximum space for stuffing. Then all you have to do is close it up, tying it with some kitchen twine to so the filling doesn't escape in the pan.
A bonus of tying up the meat is that you can form it into an evenly shaped cylinder. Untied, the tenderloin tapers at one end, which means either the thinner side or the thicker side - but not both - can be cooked to pink perfection. Tying it solves this problem; simply fold the thinner end up over itself to make the roast thicker, and secure it.
And about the word "pink": You should take your pork off the heat while it's still a little pink on the inside. An internal temperature of 62 degrees Celsius will give you succulent meat that lives up to its name, a tender loin that is flavourful, too.