Singaporean couple invents roti-making robot, Rotimatic

A daily routine led a Singapore couple to come up with an idea for automating the making of the Indian flat bread

When she got married 10 years ago, Ms Pranoti Nagarkar Israni, co-founder of automatic roti- maker Rotimatic, would painstakingly make chapati, an Indian flat bread, for her husband.

The time-consuming and tedious task of kneading the dough and slaving behind the stove every day got her thinking of developing an automatic roti-maker.

As it turned out, she and her husband Rishi Israni, both 34 and graduates from the National University of Singapore, were perfectly suited to the task.


Ms Nagarkar is a mechanical engineer, while Mr Rishi is a computer science graduate who ran his own mobile security company. So, she took charge of figuring out the mechanics of the roti-maker, while he figured out the software technology.

The India-born Singapore citizens, who have a three-year-old son, started Zimplistic in 2008. Eight years later, the company's first and only product, the Rotimatic, has finally been shipped to its first batch of customers. They had placed orders in 2014.

The robotic roti-maker received special mention in Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's National Day Rally speech last Sunday.


    1. Plug in the Rotimatic and switch it on. It takes three to four minutes to heat up. Meanwhile, fill the compartments with flour, oil and water.

    Mr Rishi Israni and his wife Pranoti Nagarkar Israni with their invention, the Rotimatic.

    2. On the touchscreen, select the number of roti required, the thickness, roast level and amount of oil (one or two drops for each roti). Press the start button.

    Mr Rishi Israni and his wife Pranoti Nagarkar Israni with their invention, the Rotimatic.

    3. The machine will start to churn out a ball of dough from the flour, oil and water. If the dough is not formed properly, an error message will appear and the dough can be removed by opening the side door to the machine. The dough-making will then resume.

    Mr Rishi Israni and his wife Pranoti Nagarkar Israni with their invention, the Rotimatic.

    4. Once the dough is formed, a lever pushes it onto a hot pan to cook. The dough is flattened into a disc and it puffs up while cooking . When the first roti is being cooked, the machine will start kneading the dough for the next one.

    Mr Rishi Israni and his wife Pranoti Nagarkar Israni with their invention, the Rotimatic.

    5. Once cooked, the roti is pushed out onto the attached (removable) tray. It is best eaten hot with curry, as a wrap with filling or as a dessert crepe.

    Mr Rishi Israni and his wife Pranoti Nagarkar Israni with their invention, the Rotimatic.

    6. The machine can make up to 20 roti in less than 30 minutes. If there is not enough flour, water or oil in the containers, the machine will prompt the user to add more ingredients.

    7. To clean the Rotimatic, the ingredient containers and parts used for the kneading of the dough can be removed for washing. When cool, the hot pan (not removable) can be wiped clean.

    • Watch how the Rotimatic works at

When speaking on promoting entrepreneurship, he cited it as one of the success stories from start-up hot spot Block 71 in Ayer Rajah Crescent. It is run by the JTC Corporation and is part of the JTC LaunchPad programme, which provides a nurturing environment for start-ups.

Zimplistic's office is now located in Commonwealth Lane.

The machine can make up to 20 cooked roti in under 30 minutes, using only whole wheat flour, oil and water.

Users select the thickness of the roti, roast level, amount of oil and number of roti required, and press a button to start the process.

Each Rotimatic is priced at US$999 (S$1,351). It is made in Malaysia, weighs 18kg and is about the size of a microwave oven.

Pre-orders for the next batch of machines are likely to open next month, says Ms Nagarkar, but deliveries may be made only in the first quarter of next year, as the company is now shipping machines to customers in the United States who pre-ordered them.

Shipment has been completed for the "few hundred" Singapore orders.

Within five days of launching pre-orders in the US and Singapore in June 2014, the company received more than 8,000 orders.

Ms Nagarkar says customers were updated via e-mail about the progress and were allowed to request refunds at any time. Seven per cent of customers who preordered asked for refunds, she adds.

On the challenges faced at the beginning, she says: "Many people thought the Rotimatic was a crazy idea. Building a team and getting investors were tough. We needed to raise money and credibility."

To build buzz, she took part in the Start-Up @Singapore Business Plan Competition in 2009 and won the top prize of $40,000 for the Rotimatic.

The following year, the company got its first seed funding of US$400,000 from angel investors. In 2012, Zimplistic received US$3 million from private investors and, in July last year, another US$11.5 million of funding was received from venture capital firm NSI Ventures and global engineering giant Robert Bosch GMbH.

Calling the eight years it took to perfect the Rotimatic a "humbling experience", she says: "We took time to stabilise the system, to make sure every roti is consistent. For the past two years, we would make 2,000 roti daily in the office, to test the reliability of the machine."

Of course, the Rotimatic is not perfect. Currently, it can work with only one brand of flour - Aashirvaad whole wheat flour - which can be bought online at It costs $2 for a 1kg bag.

If the ball of dough rolled out is not "perfect", the machine will alert users to discard the dough before churning out another batch.

Ms Nagarkar says: "For the first batch of machines that we have sent out, perhaps the first five roti may not be great. It is also a learning path for the machine."

There are plans to upgrade the software so users can make other types of flat breads and add ingredients such as herbs and spices to the dough.

The smart flat bread-maker is programmed to enable software upgrades over the cloud and remote troubleshooting via an app.

This will also allow users to get recipes from Zimplistic's in-house chef, who was initially hired to provide meals for the 85 office staff. The chef now helps in product development.

Ms Nagarkar hopes to sell the Rotimatic to other countries such as India, as well as in the Middle East and Britain.

The product will be sold exclusively online - she has no plans to sell it in supermarkets or department stores. However, she does not rule out doing product demonstrations for consumers to understand how the machine works.

On the hefty price tag, she says the Rotimatic - with its smart functions and cooking abilities - is unlike other kitchen appliances.

She says: "The making of roti - it's the same amount of hassle and pain required when washing clothes with your hands. When you have a washing machine, you realise how much time it saves you.

"Rotimatic is similar, in terms of saving you time and tedious labour. And you get a cooked product at the end of it."

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Correction Note: An earlier version of this story said that Block 71 is run by the Jurong Town Council (JTC). This is incorrect. It is run by the JTC Corporation. We are sorry for the error.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Sunday Times on August 28, 2016, with the headline 'Easy roti in a jiffy'. Subscribe